مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد کیفیت اطلاعات حسابداری، کارایی حکومتی و انتخاب سرمایه گذاری – الزویر 2016

 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال 2016
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 16 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Accounting information quality, governance efficiency and capital investment choice
ترجمه عنوان مقاله کیفیت اطلاعات حسابداری، کارایی حکومتی و انتخاب سرمایه گذاری
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط حسابداری، مدیریت، اقتصاد
گرایش های مرتبط حسابداری مالی، مدیریت کسب و کار
مجله مجله تحقیقات حسابداری چین – China Journal of Accounting Research
دانشگاه   Central University of Finance and Economics – China
کلمات کلیدی کیفیت اطلاعات حسابداری، کارآیی حاکمیت، انتخاب سرمایه گذاری سرمایه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Accounting information quality, Governance efficiency, Capital investment choice
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjar.2016.08.001
کد محصول E8456
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1. Introduction

China’s stock market has developed rapidly since 1990, when the capital market was set up. The number of listed companies increased from 10 in 1990 to 2063 in 2010. In the 1990–2010 period, about 5253.7 billion yuan in outside capital flowed into listed companies by initial public offerings, seasoned equity offerings or corporate bonds (China Statistical Yearbook, 2011). Whether companies allocated the capital into their own core businesses has become a very important issue, which more and more market participants are focusing on. However, this paper finds that in the 2000–2011 period, about 63.7% of capital was allocated to non-core operating activities, against their original investment plans. There are an average of 53 million yuan for each change, the average 6.7 months of change frequency, and the average 3.6 times change for every firm. Moreover, almost 69.6% of all the changes are inefficient. The frequent changes of the capital investment directions have become a notable problem in China, which severely harms capital allocation efficiency. Many scholars pay attention to this issue and research on it from the views of implementing laws and regulations or improving corporate governance, but the effect of these suggestions is not good to date. Based on this important issue, this paper examines the governance function of accounting information and whether high accounting information quality can form an enforcement mechanism to push management to make capital investment more efficiently. Since China’s Accounting Law was implemented in 1985, the Chinese government has devoted effort to complete the accounting principles system and related rules to improve accounting information quality. In 2006, the Chinese Ministry of Finance issued new accounting principles comprising one basic accounting standard, 38 specific standards and application guides that have been applied to publicly listed companies since 2007. The goal of these standards is to ensure the firms to provide useful accounting information and to help investors make good investment decisions. These accounting standards are created to reduce the information asymmetry between investors and listed companies, helping investors better understand those companies’ risks and thus make more rational investment decisions. However, in China’s current special institutional background, can accounting information also serve a governance function to influence managements’ capital investment choice? There are several objective external forces that enhance the governance function of accounting information in China’s capital market. By the end of 2010, the country’s number of securities investment funds had reached 704, with 2.4228 trillion yuan in total assets (China Statistical Yearbook, 2011). Institutional investors also play an important role in China to dig up and transfer the information disclosed by listed firms, compared with other investors. More importantly, institutional investors can also respond more quickly to abnormal accounting information, ‘‘vote by foot”, and finally improve the market efficiency. We believe that in the long term, high-quality accounting information can help these investors to identify inefficient investments, and in turn incur the pressure on stock price by investors’ voting by foot.