مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد حسابداری کربن در محصولات چوبی – وایلی 2017

 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال 2017
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 11 صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه وایلی
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Carbon Accounting in Harvested Wood Products: Assessment Using Material Flow Analysis Resulting in Larger Pools Compared to the IPCC Default Method
ترجمه عنوان مقاله حسابداری کربن در محصولات چوبی: ارزیابی با استفاده از تحلیل جریان مواد که در مقایسه با روش IPCC، منجر به ساختن مخازن بزرگ تر می شود
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط منابع طبیعی، حسابداری
گرایش های مرتبط علوم و صنایع چوب و کاغذ، صنایع چوب
مجله مجله اكولوژي صنعتي – Journal of Industrial Ecology
دانشگاه Gediminas Jasinevicius – Sustainability and Climate Change Unit – Finland
کلمات کلیدی تعدیل تغییرات اقلیمی، بخش جنگلی، محصولات چوب درو شده (HWP)، محیط زیست صنعتی، رویکرد تولید، صنعت چوب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Climate-change mitigation, forest-based sector, harvested wood products (HWPs) contribution, industrial ecology, production approach, wood industry
کد محصول E7324
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Introduction

Background

Through photosynthesis, forests capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and store carbon in biomass. After forest harvest, a significant amount of carbon is removed and could be held for decades in harvested wood products (HWPs) (Anderson et al. 2013). In the last decades, European forests have removed more carbon from the atmosphere than the amount that was released through burning or decomposition of biomass (Nabuurs et al. 2013; Goodale et al. 2002). It is estimated that European Union (EU) forests and the forest sector currently produce an overall climate-mitigation impact that amounts to around 13% of the total EU emissions (Nabuurs et al. 2015). Approximately 10% of this carbon might be stored in HWPs (Pilli et al. 2015). The use of wood is also associated with lower emissions of CO2 and other pollutants when compared to alternative material (Gustavsson et al. 2006; Sathre and Gustavsson 2009; Eriksson et al. 2012). Therefore, the use of wood products can lead to a reduction in atmospheric carbon by displacing the more fossil fuel (FF)-intensive products that are used, for example, in housing construction (Perez-Garcia et al. 2005). Thus, the use of HWP can contribute to climatechange mitigation in two different ways: by increasing the total carbon storage in HWPs and by substituting emissions from FFs. In 2011, at the UNFCCC Conference in Durban, the parties of the conference recognized carbon storage in HWPs as a measure to mitigate climate change by agreeing on the primary carbon accounting and reporting rules (United Nations 2012). The parties decided that the Annex I countries (i.e., developed nations and nations with economies in transition; in total, 43 countries) that agreed to take on commitments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions shall report carbon stock changes in HWPs for the second commitment period of the Kyoto protocol (2013–2020) (United Nations 2012). However, it should be noted that the carbon pool in HWPs at the country level may act as a sink or as a source of CO2, depending on the balance between the carbon inflow and outflow. The main factors influencing carbon stock change in the national pool of HWPs are: domestic wood supply (harvest level); the shares of saw logs; pulpwood and energy wood; the service life of products; and the end use of wood products, such as for disposal/recycling or for use as fuel (Pingoud et al. 2010). It has also been shown that these factors vary between countries (Kim and Song 2014). The estimates of the HWP carbon balance are strongly dependent on the applied accounting approach and data availability (Skog 2008). There are few examples published so far that analyze carbon flow over the entire forest-based sector (Mantau 2015) and periodical reporting of wood flows in Austria (AEA 2016). However, at present, comparative investigations of different accounting methods are largely lacking.