مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تجارت الکترونیکی B2C مرزی به چین و نقش لجستیک ها – امرالد ۲۰۱۷

emerald

 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۷
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۳۱ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Cross Border B2C E-Commerce to Greater China and the role of logistics: a literature review
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تجارت الکترونیکی B2C مرزی عظیم به چین و نقش لجستیک ها: یک بررسی مطالعاتی
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های مرتبط تجارت الکترونیک، مدیریت کسب و کار، لجستیک و زنجیره تامین
مجله مجله بین المللی توزیع فیزیکی و مدیریت لجستیک – International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management
دانشگاه Department of Management – Politecnico di Milano – Milano – Italy
کلمات کلیدی بین المللی سازی، تجارت الکترونیک B2C، چین بزرگ، لجستیک، مرز عبور
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی internationalisation, B2C e-commerce, Greater China, logistics, cross border
کد محصول E7188
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Introduction

Over the past 30 years, China has undergone drastic changes in its economy and society which have marked the transformation of the Country into an industrial reality and turned it into the most promising and fast growing developing nation (Reuters, 2015). This evidence symbolises an historical shift: China and the other emerging Countries have eventually overcome developed Countries, including USA, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. The weight of western Countries’ GDP over the global GDP has indeed constantly shrunk in the past decades: it accounted for 60% in the 1970s, just over 50% in the early 2000s and is forecasted to drop to just one third by 2025 (Jacques, 2012). On the contrary, developing nations are continuously increasing their economic size, causing the world’s economic centre of gravity, calculated by weighting the national GDP over each nation’s centre of gravity, to shift east at the fastest rate ever (Dobbs et al., 2012). Among Eastern Countries, the dominant role played by China is mainly due to the economic growth boosted by the increasing adoption of technology. Today China is indeed the first ecommerce market in the world. With €۵۶۶ billion turnover from online B2C sales, it has overtaken USA’s leadership (Forrester, 2015; eMarketer, 2015). Players such as Alibaba, the major Chinese e-commerce marketplace, are revolutionising the retailing industry, getting Chinese consumers progressively more acquainted to shop online (Winters, 2016). Such figures signal China is probably the most attractive market at the moment and, due to the stagnation of the West, should be seen as an important investment opportunity by companies from all over the world. Moreover, e-commerce is possibly the most effective channel to reach China, due to the high penetration on total retail market (13%) and the impressive average growth rate, which approximates +50% year over year, according to the market research company Nielsen (2016). Chinese online shoppers are also inclined towards foreign products. A research by Paypal, an American company offering online payment services, reveals that over a quarter of online shoppers in China buy foreign goods via internet, especially from USA, UK but also from closer Countries like Japan and Hong Kong (Paypal, 2014). More recently, a survey conducted in China by Nielsen additionally states that 38% of customers in Tier 1 cities and 27% in Tier 2 cities rely on cross-border online purchases (2016).

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