مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد نوآوری محیط زیست برای بهبود ویژگی های کسب و کار – امرالد ۲۰۱۷

emerald

 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۷
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۲۶ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
منتشر شده در نشریه امرالد
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Fuzzy approach to Eco-innovation for Enhancing Business Functions: A Case Study in China
ترجمه عنوان مقاله رویکرد فازی در نوآوری محیط زیست برای بهبود ویژگی های کسب و کار: یک بررسی در چین
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت کسب و کار
مجله مدیریت صنعتی و سیستم های داده – Industrial Management & Data Systems
دانشگاه School of Business – Dalian University of Technology – Panjin – China
کلمات کلیدی نوآوری محیط زیست ؛ توابع کسب و کار؛ آزمایشگاه تصمیم گیری فازی و ارزیابی؛ مدلسازی ساختاری تفسیری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Eco-innovation; Business functions; Fuzzy decision making trial and evaluation laboratory; Interpretive structural modelling
کد محصول E7138
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۱٫ INTRODUCTION

Since the 1980s, an awareness of the Ecological Footprint, which is arguably mainly produced by human beings, has been receiving increased attention. This is because the issue has introduced a series of problems, including shortage of resources and ecological degradation that has stretched the health of the Earth to a worrying limit. The situation is complicated by the growing population. These evolutions force governments to explore policies and programs that support sustainable development. For example, the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference that was held in Paris led to the famous agreement to limit the effect of global warming by capping the increase in temperature by 2 degrees Celsius (°C). One approach or school-of-thought that may contribute to this is eco-innovation, which has gradually become a focus of attention for government, academic and business. According to Rennings (2000), eco-innovation is the act of “developing new ideas, behaviours, products and processes that contribute to a reduction in environmental burdens or to ecologically specified sustainability targets”. Developing the appropriate indicator is the key to the evaluation of the eco-innovation ability (or performance) of a company. Generally, we can define environmental performance from a micro or a macro perspective. Micro-level ecoinnovation performance can be used to evaluate and compare a firm’s operations to the others (Lazaro et al., 2008). Macro-level eco-innovation performance takes micro-level performance indicators into account and considers economic performance (Boons & Wagner, 2009). Nevertheless, micro-level performance indicators alone are not sufficient at the company level. There is a need to integrate multi-indicators to measure eco-innovation performance. Zoboli (2006) suggested that R&D expenses, expenses on pollution control, production efficiency of natural materials, pollution intensity and reduction of pollutant emissions should be considered when measuring eco-innovation performance of a firm. Many studies have attempted to develop a system of multiple performance indicators on eco-innovation measures of the business practices in developed countries. However, the research in the developing countries is limited (Dong & Shi, 2010). Along with the economic development of those countries in recent years, the awareness of eco-innovation has been soaring (Ockwell et al., 2010). In order to better understand the eco-innovation status of developing countries in this study, a Fuzzy Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (FDEMATEL) method is employed to extract causal indicators for evaluating the eco-innovation performance of a company. Specifically, the method incorporates a variety of business functions, namely, Production, Marketing, Research & Development (R&D), Human Resource Management (HRM), and Finance. Then, Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) technique is utilised to divide the identified factors into layers of index. To further contribute to the knowledge in this domain, the method is applied to a case company in a developing country.

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