مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مدیریت استراتژیک امور دولتی در بروکسل – Sage 2018

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مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مدیریت استراتژیک امور دولتی در بروکسل
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The Strategic Management of Government Affairs in Brussels
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۸
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۳۰ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه Sage
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) master journals – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۳٫۲۱۴ در سال ۲۰۱۷
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت دولتی، مدیریت استراتژیک
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس کسب و کار و جامعه – Business & Society
دانشگاه University College London – UK
کلمات کلیدی کسب و کار و دولت، فعالیت سیاسی شرکتی (CPA)، امور دولتی، لابی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی business and government, corporate political activity (CPA), government affairs, lobbying
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1177/0007650318755083
کد محصول E9487
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
The Rise of Professional Government Affairs
A Micro-Level Approach to Government Affairs
Research Design
Findings
Conclusion
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

This article explores the strategic management of government affairs in companies active in the EU. The article relies on a unique large-N dataset on the functioning and staffing of EU government affairs. The analysis shows that companies delegate government affairs functions to in-house managers with specific competences, who stay in office for long periods and who have an extensive knowledge of the core competences of the company, thanks to their educational background and work experience in the private sector. These findings suggest that how companies strategically manage and staff government affairs in Brussels rests on the distinct structure of business–government relations in the EU, which are based on the exchange of technical information and the establishment of credibility and long-run trust arrangements.

The Rise of Professional Government Affairs

The 1970s witnessed an increase in CPA at the federal level in the United States, with several large American companies establishing a permanent presence in Washington. Previously, CPA was reactive and on an ad hoc basis (Yoffie & Bergenstein, 1985), and its main functions were carried out through personal contacts between businessmen and politicians (Martin, 1994; Vogel, 1978). The few offices or divisions established in Washington were primarily in charge of sales and marketing (Yoffie & Bergenstein, 1985). However, in the 1970s we saw a steady increase in legislative activity at federal level (Martin, 1994; Wilson, 1990) and a more active approach of Presidents in incentivizing business presence in Washington (Martin, 1994), coupled with a more partisan organization of the Congress and the rise of competing interests (Martin, 1994, 1995; Vogel, 1987, 1996a, 1996b). This led, between 1960 and 1980, to a fivefold increase in the number of companies politically active in the capital, as well as in the size of the staff representing these companies (Yoffie & Bergenstein, 1985). Hence, by 1990, most large American companies had established a permanent presence in the capital (Wilson, 1990). The increasing importance of individual action was coupled with the decreasing relevance of collective forms of action, such as membership of national business associations (Wilson, 1990) and, more importantly, with the development of in-house government affairs departments (Marcus & Kaufman, 1988; Martin, 1995; Post, Murray, Dickie, & Mahon, 1983; Wilson, 1990; Yoffie, 1984). In the 1980s, companies witnessed the creation of government affairs functions; separated from legal, public relations, finance, and risk departments; and delegated to professional managers (Marx, 1986; Yoffie & Bergenstein, 1985), in contrast to the activities of the 1960s (Cherington & Gillen, 1962; Miller & Johnson, 1970). As a result, the 1980s saw the emergence of a new professional way of organizing government affairs.

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