مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مخابرات نوری بی سیم زیر آب با استفاده از پنل خورشیدی – الزویر 2018

 

مشخصات مقاله
انتشار مقاله سال 2018
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی 5 صفحه
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منتشر شده در نشریه الزویر
نوع مقاله ISI
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Underwater wireless optical communication using a lens-free solar panel receiver
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مخابرات نوری بی سیم زیر آب با استفاده از گیرنده پنل خورشیدی بدون لنز
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط مهندسی برق
گرایش های مرتبط مخابرات نوری
مجله ارتباطات اپتیک – Optics Communications
دانشگاه Key Laboratory of Ocean Observation-Imaging Testbed of Zhejiang Province – Zhejiang University – China
کلمات کلیدی صفحه خورشیدی، OFDM، ارتباطات نوری بی سیم زیر آب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Solar panel, OFDM, Underwater wireless optical communication
کد محصول E7883
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
1. Introduction

The ocean, rich in huge untapped natural resources, is bearing great hopes of human beings. Developing underwater vehicles and underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) is an inevitable way to promote the advancement of oceanic research and exploration. Underwater communication systems are indispensable parts of underwater equipment for underwater surveillance and data transmission. Conventional underwater acoustic communication features high reliability and stability, but it suffers limited bandwidth and large propagation delay, which is unable to satisfy certain applications requiring large data volume and high data rate. Alternatively, underwater wireless optical communication (UWOC) with high bandwidth has become a growing research trend in recent years [1–6]. Considering that underwater energy provisioning is one of the burning issues restricting the development of underwater equipment, UWOC with outstanding advantages of small size, light weight and low power consumption makes it a promising choice in underwater platforms and UWSNs. Previous research work mainly focused on stationary point-to-point UWOC with the purpose of increasing underwater transmission rate (up to several Gb/s) or distance [1–6]. Positive–intrinsic–negative (PIN) diodes [1–3] or avalanche photodiodes (APDs) [4–6] are the commonly used photodiodes (PDs). They have small active area, so convex lenses are usually employed to focus light, implying that accurate pointing is required between the transmitter and receiver. However, in practical underwater scenarios, transceiver mobility will make the link alignment very challenging and thus greatly affect the system performance. Moreover, PIN diodes/APDs usually work with biasing circuitries and trans-impedance amplifiers at the receiver side, for which external power supply is required. In fact, there are many situations where one end of the link has very limited power and even has difficulty in battery charge or replacement like the nodes of UWSNs. Such small platforms may have medium data rate requirements (1 to 100 Mb/s). Given the facts above, a solar panelbased receiver, serving the dual purpose of signal detection and energy harvesting in a UWOC system, is an interesting alternative. In recent years, solar panels used as detectors have been preliminarily studied in the field of visible light communication (VLC) [7–11]. They not only can directly convert the optical signal to an electrical signal without external power supply, but can also harvest energy from the direct current (DC) component of the modulated light to power user terminals [7]. In [9], the authors first used an organic semiconductor solar cell, which is flexible enough to be integrated on varieties of devices or substrates, as an energy-harvesting receiver for VLC. A data rate of 34.3 Mb/s was achieved using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) over a 1 m air channel. The prior work renders us plentiful inspirations of future underwater equipment using solar panels, many of which could be self-powered with simultaneous wireless data transmission. However, the potential of solar panels with the advantages of large receiving area and lens-free operation, which are expected to availably solve the problem of link alignment, has not been explored. In this paper, for the first time, we investigate the superiority of a solar panel used as a detector in a UWOC system. Compared with PIN diodes and APDs, the off-the-shelf solar panel we used has a large receiving angle of around 20◦ and a receiving area of around 5 cm2 , which can relax the requirement on the alignment between the transmitter and receiver. Within the receiving angle of 20◦ , a 20.02-Mb/s 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) OFDM signal is successfully transmitted through a 1-m air channel. Over a 7-m tap water channel, data rates of 20.02 Mb/s using 16-QAM, 18.80 Mb/s using 32-QAM and 22.56 Mb/s using 64-QAM are achieved, respectively. Mg(OH)2 powders are gradually added into the water for studying the effect of water turbidity on the solar panel-based UWOC.