مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد نقشه برداری خطر سیل برای ظرفیت بازیابی – الزویر ۲۰۲۰

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله نقشه برداری خطر سیل برای ظرفیت بازیابی اجتماعی و اقتصادی از طریق شاخص چند معیاری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Mapping The Flood Risk to Socioeconomic Recovery Capacity through a Multicriteria Index
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۰
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۴۳ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۷٫۰۹۶ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص H_index ۱۵۰ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص SJR ۱٫۶۲۰ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شناسه ISSN ۰۹۵۹-۶۵۲۶
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۹
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت، مهندسی عمران
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت بحران، مهندسی و مدیریت منابع آب
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  مجله تولید پاک – Journal of Cleaner Production
دانشگاه  Programa de Engenharia Ambiental – Escola Politécnica. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
کلمات کلیدی آسیب پذیری سیل، خطر سیل، مدیریت ریسک سیل، نقشه برداری سیل، مدلسازی ریاضی، برنامه ریزی رواناب شهری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Flood vulnerability; flood risk; flood risk management; flood mapping; mathematical modeling; urban stormwater planning
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120251
کد محصول E14232
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
INTRODUCTION
LITERATURE REVIEW
MATERIAL AND METHODS
CASE STUDY
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
CONCLUSION
Uncited References
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
REFERENCES

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

Flood risk is generally composed of two parts: the probability of happening a hazardous event and its consequences. The first part is the source of risk and it is mainly given by the flooding magnitudes, although flow velocities and flooding permanence may play important roles. The second one reflects the vulnerability of the socioeconomic system exposed to flooding. Three aspects can represent vulnerability: exposuresusceptibility and value. Additionally, resilience can work to diminish vulnerability, incorporating the system responsive capacity. However, it is usual that risk assessment considers only the direct damage of flooding, tending to prioritize areas with high potential losses using an economic-based approach. This approach can exclude socioeconomically vulnerable communities from receiving proper attention and consequent investments in flooding mitigation measures. In this context, this paper presents an index to measure the Socioeconomic Recovery Capacity of urban areas prone to flooding through a multi-criteria approach, contributing to knowledge by introducing a social bias into flood risk discussion. The Flood Risk to Socioeconomic Recovery Capacity Index (Ri-SoRCI) considers the relative potential damage of flooding events, based on the capacity of the affected inhabitants to recover from losses. The Ri-SoRCI represents a socioeconomic parcel of the flood risk, through two indicators. The first represents the economic recovery capacity of an impacted region. The second indicates the region’s social vulnerability. The Ri-SoRCI was applied to the Canal do Mangue basin, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, supported by an environmental modeling tool able to simulate flooding phenomena with an integrated approach. The result shows the risk variation for different areas, from the socioeconomic point of view, subsidizing decision-making for public investments and allowing the construction of sustainability indicators to assess multiple scenarios. The case study validated the proposed index.

INTRODUCTION

The urban population of the world has been growing rapidly over the last years, having increased from 30% in 1950 to 55% in 2018. By 2050, the world’s population residing in urban areas is projected to be 68% (DESA/UN-WUP, 2018). The current number of people at risk from flooding is about 1.2 billion and, by 2050, this number rises to 1.6 billion, nearly 20% of the world’s population (WWAP/UN-Water, 2018). Urbanization associated with changes in land cover results in significant increase of impervious areas and decrease in vegetated surfaces, heavily modifying the characteristics of the surface runoff (Goonetilleke et al., 2005), increasing peak flows and stormwater volumes (Barbosa et al., 2012). Such effects associated with a forecasted increase in the precipitation intensity, caused by global climate change (Meehl et al., 2007), can intensify the stress on drainage infrastructures and increase flood hazards (Hoegh-Guldberg et al., 2018), expanding flood prone areas (PetitBoix et al., 2017). The increased flood risk encountered in today’s cities is mainly related to changes in land use and to the intense process of urbanization (Gogate et al., 2017).

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