مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تبدیل حرارتی شیمیایی روغن اسیدی زباله – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تبدیل حرارتی شیمیایی روغن اسیدی زباله به محصولات هیدروکربنی از طریق کاتالیزورهای کامپوزیت پایه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Thermochemical conversion of waste acidic oil into hydrocarbon products over basic composite catalysts
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۹
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۸ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۷٫۰۹۶ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص H_index ۱۵۰ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص SJR ۱٫۶۲۰ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN ۰۹۵۹-۶۵۲۶
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۸
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط شیمی، زیست
گرایش های مرتبط شیمی کاتالیست، شیمی محیط زیست، بیوشیمی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس مجله تولید پاک – Journal of Cleaner Production
دانشگاه  Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, China
کلمات کلیدی تری گلیسیریدها، پیرولیز، کاتالیزورهای کامپوزیت پایه، دفع اکسیژن، انرژی فعال سازی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Triglycerides، Pyrolysis، Basic composite catalyst، Deoxygenation، Activation energy
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.06.109
کد محصول  E12783
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Graphical abstract
۱٫ Introduction
۲٫ Experimental
۳٫ Results and discussion
۴٫ Conclusions
Acknowledgments
Appendix A. Supplementary data
Research Data
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

Removal of oxygen atoms from triglycerides is the most important step in their conversion into hydrocarbons. Basic catalysts have proven to be highly efficient in deoxygenation, whereby the oxygen atoms are removed in the form of CO and CO2, yielding pyrolytic oil with acid number below 10 mg KOH,g۱ . We have now investigated the deoxygenation abilities of composite basic catalysts during the thermochemical conversion process. The dynamics of the catalytic cracking reaction using metal oxides, such as calcium oxide, in the presence of sodium carbonate, has been tested. According to thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) data, the activation energy for catalytic cracking was influenced by cations. By using calcium oxide as a catalyst, the activation energy was reduced from 260 kJ/mol to 185 kJ/mol, leading to a reduction in the reaction temperature of approximately 20e40 C. The yield of the cracked liquid fraction was of the order of 66e70%, more than 90% of which could be recovered as liquid hydrocarbons. The results presented herein indicate an alternative reaction pathway, allowing thermochemical conversion to be conducted at a lower operational temperature, which would be beneficial for industrial production with lower energy consumption.

Introduction

Biomass is a renewable resource that can be transformed into a variety of chemicals (Dodds and Gross, 2007), biofuels (Dupont et al., 2009a,b), and solid carbon (Simona et al., 2016) through physical and chemical techniques (Liu et al., 2017). The global biomass potential amount is about 200 EJ (up to 600 EJ), accounting for about one-third of the world’s total energy consumption (Rong and Tao, 2016). Making full use of this resource is attractive for addressing resource shortages (Zhang et al., 2018) and environmental pollution problems (Taromi and Kaliaguine, 2018). However, there are economic obstacles to making full use of biomass energy; to obtain the full environmental benefit, green production routes need to be ensured by considering technical conditions, which means green supply chain management (Oliveira. and Rebula, 2018  ). Compared with other research, many cases of biomass production are significantly favorable from an environmental point of view, but government subsidies are needed to fully realize the economic benefits (Haskov a. et al., 2016). So, it is important for economic and environmental friendly production when utilization the biomass energy. Triglycerides are important biomass materials, occurring widely in plant oils and animal fats, and have been used as biofuels for transportation in place of petroleum-based fuels (Lin et al., 2018). Many such oils are used as edible oils in China. As such, considering the economic benefit and resource efficiency, they are not suitable raw materials for hydrocarbon fuels. Nevertheless, abundant waste oil is produced in the refining and consumption of edible oils (Xu et al., 2016). Therefore, non-edible (Marousek et al., 2013) and waste cooking oils (Di_zge N et al., 2009) are primarily used as raw materials.

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