مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مسیرهایی برای ایجاد مقاومت در برابر بیماری همه گیر COVID-19 و احیای بخش کشاورزی نپال – الزویر ۲۰۲۱

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مسیرهایی برای ایجاد مقاومت در برابر بیماری همه گیر COVID-19 و احیای بخش کشاورزی نپال
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Pathways for building resilience to COVID-19 pandemic and revitalizing the Nepalese agriculture sector
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۱
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۶ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۴٫۲۱۲ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص H_index ۱۰۱ در سال ۲۰۲۱
شاخص SJR ۱٫۵۰۵ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شناسه ISSN ۰۳۰۸-۵۲۱X
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰
مدل مفهومی دارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط کشاورزی
گرایش های مرتبط علوم باغبانی، اقتصاد منابع طبیعی و محیط زیست، اقتصاد کشاورزی، اقتصاد تولید و مدیریت واحد های کشاورزی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  سیستم های کشاورزی – Agricultural Systems
دانشگاه The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
کلمات کلیدی COVID-19، کشاورزی نپال، تأثیرات، محدودیت ها، اشتغال، احیای مجدد
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی COVID-19, Nepalese agriculture, Impacts, Constraints, Employment, Revitalization
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2020.103022
کد محصول E15331
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
دانلود رایگان مقاله دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی
سفارش ترجمه این مقاله سفارش ترجمه این مقاله

 

فهرست مطالب مقاله:

Highlights

Abstract

Keywords

۱٫ Introduction

۲٫ Major constraints of the agriculture sector in Nepal

۳٫ Potential pathways to build resilience and revitalize the agriculture sector in Nepal

۴٫ Conclusion

Funding declaration

Declaration of Competing Interest

Appendix A. Supplementary data

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has seriously affected the agrarian and remittance-based economy of Nepal. Dwindling the employment opportunities and disrupting the food production and distribution channels, the pandemic has further exacerbated the unemployment and food insecurity situation. Providing employment opportunities and livelihood support to pandemic-affected households has, therefore, become increasingly challenging but a necessary priority to the government. Therefore, to build a sustainable and resilient economy that generates employment and enhance agricultural productivity, revitalization of the constraints-ridden agriculture sector is essential as it still contributes 65% and 24.3% to employment and Gross Domestic Product, respectively. Against this backdrop, this paper presents major pathways and priority actions to rebuild and revitalize the growth of the agricultural sector in Nepal while addressing the challenge posed by the pandemic to generate employment and income-earning opportunities. We emphasize the need for scale-appropriate strategies, programs and plans to build resilience of production, supply chains, and agribusiness systems. We conclude that the government should initially focus on targeted priority interventions to the pandemic-affected farmers and agro-entrepreneurs, and strengthen their productive, competitive, and adaptive capacities. These need to be followed by long-term strategies such as development of agricultural infrastructure, innovative policies, legal instruments, and institutional arrangements, including strengthening of the recently established local governments in line with the federal structure of Nepal.

۱٫ Introduction

COVID-19 (or SARS-CoV-2) is a global pandemic of enormous proportion that has severely affected human lives and the global economy (UNDP, 2020b). The virus has spread to over 213 countries and territories infecting more than 65.1 million people and killing over 1.5 million by 3 December 2020 (Worldometer, 2020). Lockdowns and mobility restrictions have been the common responses to the pandemic, but they have disrupted production, input and output markets, supply chains, global trade, travel, and tourism; delivering an enormous shock to the global economy in 2020 as indicated by early estimates of 495 million job losses and 5.2% contraction on global output (ILO, 2020a; World Bank, 2020b).

The health and economic impacts of the pandemic have been severe in countries that have weak health systems and rely heavily on trade, tourism, and remittances (World Bank, 2020b). Like many other severely affected countries, Nepal has been experiencing health and economic impacts of COVID-19. Over 237,589 infections and 1551 deaths have been reported in Nepal by 3 December 2020 (MOHP, 2020) and the country has entered a second wave that is more severe than the first (World Bank, 2020f). COVID-19 and associated nationwide complete (from 24 March to 21 July 2020) and partial (after 21 July) lockdowns have severely affected the Nepalese economy through multiple channels: a) the collapse of tourism, trade, and hospitality sectors, affecting over one million jobs; b) loss of foreign jobs and return of migrants, affecting remittance earnings; and c) disruption of production and supply chains of the industrial and agricultural products, affecting the livelihoods of millions of people (Baniya et al., 2020; ILO, 2020b; World Bank, 2020c).

ارسال دیدگاه

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *