مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد اثرات تأمین مالی موجودی در ترانزیت بر زنجیره تأمین محدود سرمایه – الزویر ۲۰۲۱

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله اثرات تأمین مالی موجودی در ترانزیت بر زنجیره تأمین محدود سرمایه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The effects of in-transit inventory financing on the capital-constrained supply chain
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۱
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۳۳ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۴٫۲۱۳ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص H_index ۲۴۳ در سال ۲۰۲۱
شاخص SJR ۲٫۳۶۴ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شناسه ISSN ۰۳۷۷-۲۲۱۷
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰
مدل مفهومی دارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر دارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط اقتصاد، مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط اقتصاد مالی، مدیریت بازرگانی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  مجله تحقیقات عملیاتی اروپا – European Journal of Operational Research
دانشگاه University of Bristol, UK
کلمات کلیدی تدارکات ، تأمین مالی موجودی در حین حمل و نقل ، زنجیره تأمین ، اعتبار تجاری ، رقابت کانال
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Logistics, in-transit inventory financing, Supply chain, Trade credit, Channel competition
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2021.03.041
کد محصول E15414
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:

Highlights

Abstract

Keywords

۱٫ Introduction

۲٫ Literature Review

۳٫ Model Framework

۴٫ Effect of In-transit Inventory Financing on the Partially Capital-constrained Supply Chain

۵٫ Effect of In-transit Inventory Financing on the Capital-constrained Supply Chain

۶٫ Extended Analysis

۷٫ Numerical Analysis

۸٫ Conclusions

Appendix. Supplementary materials

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

In-transit inventory financing is gaining popularity as an alternative way to access financing. However, compared with other financing means such as trade credit and bank loans, the effects on the supply chain of a third-party logistics provider (TPL) providing in-transit inventory financing are seldom investigated. This study adopts a channel competition model to examine the impact of such financing on the supply chain. Through comparative analysis with conventional financing approaches, we find that the availability of in-transit inventory financing allows retailers to take advantage of a lower financing fee for trade credit, even when the demand for trade credit decreases. In addition, the TPL-provided financing service can lead to a reduction in financing fee for both trade credit and in-transit inventory financing when both the supplier and retailers have financing demand or the TPL is subject to a high degree of risk aversion. Finally, when the TPL has the first-mover advantage in setting its financing fee, the supplier with a financing demand pays a lower financing fee to the TPL due to the decreased demand for in-transit inventory financing. In this case, we find that the low logistics cost, the low unit product price without trade credit and a high financing ratio can make in-transit inventory financing more attractive than trade credit. Our results have important implications for the implementation of in-transit inventory financing in supply chains.

۱٫ Introduction

Trade credit has been used widely as a financing scheme. It is particularly useful for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) without an established credit history who have difficulty accessing loans from traditional financial institutions (Yang and Birge, 2018). According to the Federal Reserve Board (2019), trade credit in the United States (US) increased by 17.77% in 2018, amounting to 15.35% of total assets on the aggregated balance sheets of non-financial businesses. In recent years, third-party logistics providers (TPLs), such as UPS, SF Express and Eternal Asia, have been cultivating their financing activities by providing in-transit inventory financing—a financing service facilitated by their superior information on supply chain transactions and strong cash reserves. Through the use of in-transit inventory financing, retailers can obtain external financing more easily and receive price discounts from suppliers. For example, WD Music, a leading US retailer of guitar parts, was able to order components from its suppliers and expand its manufacturing capacity by relying on UPS’s financing service (UPS, 2018). Another example is the financing service from SF Express, through which retailers pay the supplier at a discounted wholesale price, while SF Express controls the products until the retailers sell them off and repay the loan plus a financing fee.

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