مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد رقابت تدارکاتی در حضور تجارت الکترونیکی B2B مجهز به اینترنت اشیا – الزویر ۲۰۲۱

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مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله رقابت تدارکاتی در حضور تجارت الکترونیکی B2B مجهز به اینترنت اشیا
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Procurement competition in the presence of IoT-enabled B2B E-commerce
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۱
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۸ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۶٫۰۱۴ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص H_index ۷۴ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص SJR ۱٫۱۸۴ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شناسه ISSN ۱۵۶۷-۴۲۲۳
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰
فرضیه ندارد
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات، مدیریت، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های مرتبط اینترنت و شبکه های گسترده، شبکه های کامپیوتری، تجارت الکترونیک، مدیریت کسب و کار، بازاریابی، لجستیک و زنجیره تامین
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  مجله اینترنت اشیا – Internet of Things Journal
دانشگاه School of Business Administration, Shanghai Lixin University of Accounting and Finance, Shanghai, China
کلمات کلیدی مدیریت زنجیره تامین، منبع یابی دوگانه، بازار نقدی B2B ، تدارکات
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Supply chain management – Dual sourcing – B2B spot market – Procurement
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elerap.2021.101091
کد محصول E15927
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Keywords
Introduction
Literature review
The model
Equilibrium Analysis
Dual-sourcing or not? Comparisons and sensitivity analysis
Conclusions
Credit authorship contribution statement
Declaration of Competing Interest
Acknowledgement
Appendix A
Appendix B.
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
ABSTRACT
The Internet of things (IoT) has accelerated the development of e-commerce and enabled business-to-business (B2B) spot markets to emerge. This study considers a supply chain composed of one supplier and two manufacturers. Two manufacturers can procure raw materials from dual sources, that is, from a supplier with a forward contract or from a B2B spot market. Two manufacturers use raw materials to produce the final product and take part in Cournot competition in the final customer market. On the basis of the procurement strategies of two manufacturers, three competition structures exist between the manufacturers: (NN) both manufacturers procure raw materials only from a B2B spot market; (FN) one manufacturer procures raw materials from dual sources, namely, a forward contract and a B2B spot market, while the other manufacturer only obtains them from a B2B spot market; and (FF) both manufacturers procure raw materials from dual sources. We investigate which procurement strategy is better for manufacturers. Our study finds that the optimal setting is for manufacturers to procure raw materials from dual sources if and only if the spot price uncertainty exceeds a threshold value. Furthermore, the optimal wholesale price in the FN subgame is less than the price in the FF subgame. The optimal order quantity in the FF subgame is less than the quantity in the FN subgame. Whole downstream manufacturers can benefit from the FN strategy if the supplier’s risk aversion exceeds a threshold value. Meanwhile, the FF subgame always benefits the whole supply chain.
Introduction
In the last two decades, supply chain behavior has been significantly reshaped by information technology (Li et al., 2020; Zhang et al., 2020). Particularly, the Internet of things (IoT) has pulled in numerous opportunities and has extended supply chains. Moreover, e-commerce has been widely connected with IoT with the development of the Internet. One of the outcomes of the combination of e-commerce and IoT is the business-to-business (B2B) spot commodity market. A B2B spot commodity market has a significant growth not only in terms of trading volume and contract varieties but also in terms of liquidity (Dong and Liu, 2007). The emergence of B2B spot markets provides firms with a more flexible trading mode and helps these entities effectively manage their supply and demand risk (Grey and Olavson, 2005; Zhao et al., 2015). With a B2B spot market, the supply and demand can be adjusted to balance each other at a price equal to the spot price. A B2B spot market usually has a short lead time, and managers usually rely on this new procurement channel after demand information is observed. With the growing market liquidity, numerous raw materials and commodities, such as agricultural products, chemical products, metals, and plastics, are now widely transacted in B2B spot markets (Xing et al., 2012, 2014). In this study, we explore whether traditional procurement channel must still be maintained because B2B spot market procurement provide several advantages for risk-averse firms.

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