مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد فرصتهایی برای زنان برای ایجاد حرفه – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله شناخت در فضاهای سازنده: حمایت از فرصتهایی برای زنان برای ایجاد حرفه علم، فناوری، مهندسی و ریاضیات (STEM)
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Recognition in makerspaces: Supporting opportunities for women to “make” a STEM career
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۹
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۳ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۵٫۸۷۶ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص H_index ۱۳۷ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص SJR ۱٫۷۱۱ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN ۰۷۴۷-۵۶۳۲
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۸
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط علوم تربیتی
گرایش های مرتبط تکنولوژی آموزشی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس نقش کامپیوتر در رفتار انسان – Computers in Human Behavior
دانشگاه  Indiana University, School of Education 201 N Rose Ave, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
کلمات کلیدی فضاهای سازنده، ساخت گرایی، مهندسی، آموزش، علم، فناوری، مهندسی و ریاضیات (STEM)، شکاف جنسیتی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Makerspace، Constructionism، Engineering، Education، STEM، Gender gap
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.05.013
کد محصول  E13663
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Graphical abstract
۱٫ Introduction
۲٫ Theoretical perspective
۳٫ Methodological approach
۴٫ Findings
۵٫ Results and discussion
۶٫ Conclusion
Funding
Acknowledgements
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

Making is a playful exploration of tools and materials to design personally meaningful artifacts, providing a particularly impactful entry point for traditionally underrepresented youth in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. However, it remains unclear how these constructionist explorations translate to eventual professional and educational STEM opportunities, especially for women. This paper tracks an exemplary case in a makerspace to theorize, describe, and analyze the behavioral patterns of young women as they engage in making and move toward expertise in STEM. Building on a material-based and constructionist notion of making, we use mediated discourse analysis to examine how recognition (materialized in artifacts as displaying, legitimizing, and circulating emergent STEM expertise) leads to transformational development over time. We introduce the notion of tinkering with development, which conceptualizes playful project design, spatial project placements, and emergent online project sharing as drivers of human developmental trajectories. Implications of this work include a set of design principles to support makerspaces and other constructionist learning environments to foster participation in STEM. Further, implications for constructionist theory and STEM gender representation are discussed.

Among the hustle and bustle of a digital filmmaking course, a few youth crowded around an artifact that was pushed against a wall in the urban youth-serving makerspace: a digital jukebox piano, a technologyaugmented player piano that played pop songs and lit up an LED light strip when users pressed keys. The artifact was constructed out of an upright piano similar to those commonly found in schools and was covered in black chalkboard paint that featured drawings of the White House and the US flag. Other emerging technologies were layered on the jukebox piano (see graphical abstract). Most centrally, a Makey Makey computational breakout board adorned the top center and an LED strip was taped along the piano’s fallboard. The Makey Makey board and the LED strip were connected to the copper tape-covered piano keys by the visible wires and alligator clips typically used in prototyping. Inside the piano box, copper tape was precariously soldered to the alligator clips, and a bunched up white shirt was placed on top of unused keys to prevent them from sounding notes. When turned on, the screen that was mounted onto the piano’s musical board displayed songs that anyone could play by pressing individual piano keys. Once selected, the LED strip lit up to the rhythm of the music. A small, neatly written card on the upper-left corner read the artifact’s name and the name of its maker: Sierra,1 a 15-year-old aspiring photographer who was one of the first female participants at the makerspace who had little interest in electronic tinkering when first joining the program. This lack of interest shifted into a desire to study electronic engineering in college. In what ways did the construction and placement of the digital jukebox piano change in impact Sierra’s developmental trajectory?

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