مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد آنالیز هزینه منفعت انرژی و محیط زیست

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
عنوان مقاله  The probability of discovery
ترجمه عنوان مقاله  درس هایی از آنالیز هزینه-منفعت انرژی و محیط زیست
فرمت مقاله  PDF
نوع مقاله  ISI
سال انتشار

مقاله سال ۲۰۱۶

تعداد صفحات مقاله  ۷  صفحه
رشته های مرتبط  مهندسی انرژی و محیط زیست
مجله  پیش بینی فنی و تغییر اجتماعی – Technological Forecasting & Social Change
دانشگاه  سازمان اروپایی تحقیقات هسته ای (CERN)، سوئیس
کلمات کلیدی  تجزیه و تحلیل هزینه و سود، کشف علمی
کد محصول  E4665
نشریه  نشریه الزویر
لینک مقاله در سایت مرجع  لینک این مقاله در سایت الزویر (ساینس دایرکت) Sciencedirect – Elsevier
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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بخشی از متن مقاله:
۱٫ Introduction

In 2004 a book appeared called “the Probability of God”. It claimed to give a scientific statistical analysis of the deriving the probability for a divine entity and the so-called ultimate truth, it by necessity is based on certain assumptions that cannot be really controlled, so ultimate any such calculation of a probability is not particularly inspiring, or even meaningful. In a similar, but nevertheless more controlled way the probability for a discovery is in many cases not strictly quantifiable, though there are exceptions. We’ll discuss both scenarios below, as these unfold in particle physics – or high energy physics – today.

Scientific progress in modern times is only possible thanks to funding by national governments, funding agencies, international institutions such as the European community, and even private funding. Research is typically categorized as application-driven or curiosity-driven. The application-driven research is generally easy to motivate, pointing to the many technology developments that happened in, say, the last 50 years. This is no doubt correct but it is often overlooked that much of the application-driven research is based on our deep knowledge gained by curiosity-driven research. Big examples are quantum mechanics and relativity, which were new directions in our understanding of nature, discovered just over a hundred years ago and now the basis of many of our technological applications.

Both application-driven research and curiosity-driven research are now, and will remain in the future, necessary to have new breakthroughs in progress, which will continue to be for the benefit of all of mankind.

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