مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد بازده نوآوری دو مرحله ای شرکت انرژی در چین

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مشخصات مقاله
عنوان مقاله  Two-stage innovation efficiency of new energy enterprises in China: A non-radial DEA approach
ترجمه عنوان مقاله  بازده نوآوری دو مرحله ای شرکت های انرژی جدید در چین: رویکرد DEA غیر راديال
فرمت مقاله  PDF
نوع مقاله  ISI
سال انتشار

مقاله سال ۲۰۱۶

تعداد صفحات مقاله  ۸ صفحه
رشته های مرتبط  اقتصاد، مدیریت و مهندسی انرژی
مجله  پیش بینی فنی و تغییر اجتماعی – Technological Forecasting & Social Change
دانشگاه  دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت و مرکز تحقیقات علوم نرم افزاری، دانشگاه نانجینگ، چین
کلمات کلیدی  شرکت های انرژی جدید، بازده نوآوری، بازده دو مرحله ای، DEA بدون رادیال
کد محصول  E4685
تعداد کلمات  ۵۱۷۰ کلمه
نشریه  نشریه الزویر
لینک مقاله در سایت مرجع  لینک این مقاله در سایت الزویر (ساینس دایرکت) Sciencedirect – Elsevier
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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۱٫ Introduction

China’s total energy consumption is rising as a result of rapid economic growth. In 2013, China’s energy consumption was 3.75 billion tons of standard coal, accounting for 22.4% of global consumption (BP, 2013). According to International Energy Agency forecasts, China’s energy consumption is expected to grow in the coming decades. Coal is the most important energy source in China, and environmental pollution caused by coal consumption creates challenges for sustainable development. Improving energy efficiency helps address this problem, and many studies have focused on estimating energy efficiency (Zhou et al., 2012; Wang et al., 2013a, 2013b; Zhang and Xie, 2015). However, optimizing the energy consumption structure is also needed to save energy and reduce emissions to target levels. China must implement new energy alternatives to reduce its dependency on coal and other fossil fuels and meet growing energy demands.

China’s central government acknowledges the importance of developing new energy sources, and has launched supportive policies in response. The 12th Five-Year Plan proposed that renewable energy, such as wind energy, solar energy, nuclear energy account for 11.4% of total primary energy consumption by 2015. By 2020, the goal is to have 15% of total energy consumption come from non-fossil energy sources. The new energy industry is an emerging industry of great strategic importance in China; it is greatly supported by the government and there has been an increase in the installed capacity of new energy sources, such as solar, wind, hydroelectric, and other new energies.

Unfortunately, however, China’s new energy enterprises have weak research and development (R&D) capabilities; and R&D investment is less than 20% of the international average (The Economic Observer, 2015). This leads to insufficient new core technology, and an inability for new energy enterprises to generate sufficient revenue from innovative products. In recent years, China’s excess production capacity has become particularly obvious. Exporting new energy equipment and components has also been very difficult, in part due to global economic downturns and protectionist policies in developed countries.

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