مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تفاوت های فردی باورهای فراجنسیتی – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله پیش بینی کنندگان تفاوت های فردی باورهای فراجنسیتی: گسترش مفهوم سازی ما از محافظه کاری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Individual difference predictors of transgender beliefs: Expanding our conceptualization of conservatism
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۹
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۷ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۲٫۳۸۳ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص H_index ۱۴۱ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص SJR ۱٫۲۴۵ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN ۰۱۹۱-۸۸۶۹
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۸
مدل مفهومی دارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر دارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط روانشناسی
گرایش های مرتبط روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی بالینی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس شخصیت و تفاوت های فردی – Personality and Individual Differences
دانشگاه  St. Jerome’s University, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G3, Canada
کلمات کلیدی نگرش های فراجنسیتی، تبعیض جنسی، خجالت هراسی – اروتوفیلی، محافظه کاری، فرضیه های تماسی، تفاوتهای جنسیتی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Transgender attitudes، Sexism، Erotophobia–erotophilia، Conservatism، Contact hypothesis، Gender differences
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.05.033
کد محصول  E13723
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
۱٫ Introduction
۲٫ Method
۳٫ Results
۴٫ Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

With grounding in the Integrated Threat Theory of Prejudice, we explore individual difference predictors of attitudes toward transgender people. In particular, we measure general and gender conservatism, as well as the previously unexplored predictors of erotophobia–erotophilia (comfort with sexuality) and quality of previous contact with sexual minorities. In this North American student sample (N = 218), attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (ATLG) correlated strongly with the Transgender Belief Scale (r = 0.82), suggesting a lack of differentiation between sexual minority groups. Multiple regression models indicated that participant gender and conservatism (as measured through homophobia, benevolent sexism and authoritarianism) contributed uniquely to transgender attitude prediction. After excluding the ATLG as a predictor, contact quality with sexual minorities, erotophobia–erotophilia, religious fundamentalism, benevolent sexism, and participant gender emerged as predictors of transgender beliefs. Separate gender analyses suggest that benevolent and hostile sexism might function differently in the prediction of transgender attitudes for women and men, respectively. Findings also suggest that secondary transfer via contact with sexual minorities may influence feelings about transgender people. Implications for sex educators are discussed.

Introduction

Transphobia or transnegativity describes discomfort with or negative attitudes toward those who identify as trans. Trans is a collective term for those whose gender identity, behaviour, and/or expression does not match the sex they were assigned at birth, including those who identify as transgender and gender non-conforming. In contrast, cisgender individuals are those who do identify with the gender they were assigned at birth (Glotfelter & Anderson, 2017). Relative to gay, lesbian, or bisexual (LGB) attitudinal research, scholarly work is sparse regarding attitudes toward trans people (Warriner, Nagoshi, & Nagoshi, 2013). A recent study concluded that trans prejudice was more prominent than prejudice held against LGB people (Cunningham & Pickett, 2018). Attitudes, when transformed into action, can result in stigma and discrimination, a factor that may contribute to the overrepresentation of mental health challenges in trans individuals (Haas et al., 2010). As such, more research is needed to explore the attitudes held toward trans individuals, and what might underpin those attitudes. Integrated threat theory (Stephan & Stephan, 2000) supposes that a group will express prejudice toward those outgroup members who threaten the groups’ values, identity (symbolic threats), or power (realistic threat). Intergroup anxiety and stereotyping also lead to prejudice. Based on this theory, socially conservative individuals would express negative attitudes toward an outgroup who threaten their traditional value systems; applied to the particular situation of trans people, the base belief in the gender binary and consequent desire for gender conformity is threatened (e.g., Broussard & Warner, 2019). Trans individuals – like LGB individuals – challenge gender norms that have historically been characterized as “natural” or are treated as axioms by many conventional individuals (Norton & Herek, 2013). Thus, traditionalists are likely to perceive this violation of norms as threatening and respond with negative attitudes toward trans individuals.

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