مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد حالت های ایجاد شهرهای هوشمند – الزویر ۲۰۲۰

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله حالت های ایجاد شهرهای هوشمند: یا، شیوه های شهرسازی هوشمند متنوع
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Modes of making smart cities: Or, practices of variegated smart urbanism
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۰
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۲۰ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۶٫۸۹۴ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص H_index ۵۶ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص SJR ۱٫۴۴۱ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شناسه ISSN ۰۷۳۶-۵۸۵۳
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۹
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط معماری، شهرسازی، فناوری اطلاعات،
گرایش های مرتبط طراحی شهری، مدیریت شهری، تکنولوژی معماری، مدیریت سیستم های اطلاعات، سامانه های شبکه ای
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  نقطه تلاقی راه دور و انفورماتیک – Telematics and Informatics
دانشگاه  Monash University, Caulfield, VIC, Australia
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2020.101449
کد محصول E15074
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract

۱٫ Introduction

۲٫ Methods

۳٫ Context and background

۴٫ Who makes the smart city?

۵٫ Conclusion

Acknowledgements

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

The ‘actually existing’ smart city is not a monolith. It is not directed by a universal logic, nor does it develop in a standardised way. As recent research has argued, the spatial, material, and political contexts of cities have major influence over what smart urbanism looks like in practice. This paper adds analytical depth to, and broadens the geographical scope of, research on the variegated modes of making smart cities. Based on empirical research in multiple Australian cities we use three case studies to explore three different modes of smart urbanism, each one centred on the interests of a different key actor: corporate-centric, citizen-centric, and planner-centric. These different modes can, and do, co-exist in the same city. At times, they are competing logics that fight to pull the city in different directions. Yet, they can also work together to shape smart city initiatives. In describing these different modes, we pay particular attention to the ways that these projects and strategies must contend with the already existing spatial, cultural, and political contexts of each place.

Introduction

To paraphrase Tolstoy, each smart city is smart in its own way. The ‘actually existing’ smart city is not a monolith (Shelton et al. 2015). It is not directed by a universal logic, nor does it develop in a standardised or linear way; even withstanding the attempts by its most powerful advocates to roll out the smart city as a singular sociotechnical imaginary (Sadowski and Bendor 2019) with solutions and services, values and visions, that can be plugged in anywhere, anytime, thus reconfiguring an existing urban environment into a smart “generic space” (Greenfield 2013). Rather, as a recent wave of research has argued, when the real smart city takes shape it often does so in ways that are retrofitted and piecemeal (Dowling et al. 2019). The initiatives have an ad hoc quality: existing stuff is upgraded and replaced, here and there, based on what resources are available, what is achievable, and what opportunities arise. The strategies are often post hoc: they are not always established beforehand but are developed during implementation (if not afterward) to give coherence to a constellation of projects and outcomes that are already in place.

This is not surprising considering that these initiatives and strategies must contend with the different spatial, cultural, and political contexts of the host city, which in turn have major influences over what smart urbanism looks like in practice (Bulkeley 2016 et al.).1 For example, by studying the development of smartness in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Surabaya, where informalism is a defining feature of urban planning and life, we can see how smart initiatives unfold in an improvisational way because the models developed in Western countries “need to be adapted for cities in emerging economies” (Offenhuber 2019: 1565). Whereas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, spatial media technologies like Google Maps are actively trying to overcome informalism in the favelas by rendering this territory as legible and calculated, thus incorporating it into the economic operations of capital (LuqueAyala and Neves Maia 2019). Or, if we look at Singapore, we can see how the smart city-state, or Smart Nation initiative as it is called, are deeply entangled with “the neoliberal-developmental logics of the state, thereby facilitating authoritarian consolidation in Singapore” (Ho 2017: 3101). Whereas in Barcelona we can see a transformation underway as the city makes a radical shift from embodying the corporate model of smart urbanism due to its close partnership with Cisco to being at the vanguard of developing digital platforms for enacting participatory democratic versions of smartness (Charnock et al. 2019; Lynch 2019).

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