مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد ارزیابی ایمنی لرزه ای خارج از صفحه – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله ارزیابی ایمنی لرزه ای خارج از صفحه میانقاب URM برای اثر متقابل درون صفحه ای/ خارج از صفحه ای در چارچوب استاتیک غیر خطی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Out-of-plane seismic safety assessment of URM infills accounting for the in-plane/out-of-plane interaction in a nonlinear static framework
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۹
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۷ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۳٫۶۰۴ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص H_index ۱۱۴ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص SJR ۱٫۶۲۸ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN ۰۱۴۱-۰۲۹۶
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۸
مدل مفهومی دارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط مهندسی عمران
گرایش های مرتبط سازه، زلزله
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس سازه های مهندسی – Engineering Structures
دانشگاه  Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Naples, Italy
کلمات کلیدی دیوار میانقاب URM، خارج از صفحه، اثر متقابل درون صفحه ای/ خارج از صفحه ای، تجزیه و تحلیل استاتیک غیر خطی، بررسی ایمنی خارج از صفحه ای
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی URM infill wall، Out-of-plane، In-plane/out-of-plane interaction، Nonlinear static analysis، Out-of-plane safety check
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.05.088
کد محصول  E12417
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Nomenclature
۱٫ Introduction
۲٫ Description of the procedures applied for the PGAC assessment
۳٫ Reference Approach (RA)
۴٫ Description of the case-study infilled frames
۵٫ Application of DA and RA procedures
۶٫ Reference Approach (RA) application and results
۷٫ OOP safety check of infills in a linear elastic framework
۸٫ When is the OOP safety check of infills necessary?
۹٫ Conclusions
Acknowledgements
Declaration of Competing Interest
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

Past and recent earthquakes showed the occurrence of Out-Of-Plane (OOP) failures of Unreinforced Masonry (URM) infills in Reinforced Concrete (RC) frames. Such a type of failure, which is promoted by In-Plane (IP) damage (IP/OOP interaction), is dangerous for human life safety and its effects can be associated with the attainment of the Life Safety limit state. In this work, the seismic capacity of Reinforced Concrete buildings at the first OOP collapse is evaluated with a linear analysis based on code provisions and with a procedure based on nonlinear static analysis. More specifically, 16 buildings designed to Eurocodes, different for number of storeys and design Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA), are infilled by two infill layouts different for thickness and masonry properties. For these buildings, the PGA at which the first OOP infill collapse occurs is evaluated by applying two different approaches. The first is based on linear analysis and consists in the simple application of the demand and capacity models currently provided by the Eurocodes. So, it accounts neither for the effect of the IP/OOP interaction on the OOP capacity nor for the effect of structural non-linearity on the OOP force demand. The second approach is based on nonlinear static analysis and on the application of refined literature formulations accounting for the IP/OOP interaction and for structural non-linearity for the definition of the OOP capacity and force demand. The PGAs at the OOP collapse of infills obtained by applying both approaches are compared to show their significant overestimation if the IP/OOP interaction and structural non-linearity are not considered, i.e., if current code provisions are applied. Considerations concerning the influence of the number of storeys and of the design PGA of buildings on the PGA at the OOP collapse of infills are reported. Frequency distributions of OOP collapses at different storeys and fragility curves relating the probability of OOP collapse to both the PGA acting in the OOP direction and the maximum IDR attained in the IP direction are shown. For all case-study buildings, a range of 42 infill layouts, different for thickness and masonry compressive strength, is considered and, with the application of the more refined, not code-based approach, a “limit state” curve defining the infill height-to-thickness ratio/masonry compressive strength couples for which the OOP safety check of infills can be neglected is reported.

Introduction

In the Mediterranean area, Reinforced Concrete (RC) buildings are usually provided with Unreinforced Masonry (URM) infill walls. In case of earthquake, these non-structural elements are sensitive to displacement in the In-Plane (IP) direction and to acceleration in the Out-OfPlane (OOP) direction [1]. IP displacements can damage infill walls and produce the attainment of the Damage Limitation limit state (DL), with significant effects in terms of repairing costs for RC buildings. However, it is common opinion in the engineering community (e.g., [2,3]) that the IP failure of infills, which occurs with crushing and spalling of masonry units, can be also associated with the attainment of Life Safety limit state (LS). The OOP acceleration can produce infills’ collapse with their overturning, which is a great risk for life safety and an obstacle to escape/rescue operations during seismic emergency [4]. For this reason, also the OOP collapse of infill walls can be associated with the attainment of LS. Especially in recent years, analytical and experimental works concerning infills’ OOP behaviour, (e.g., among others, [5–۱۶]), have been presented. Based also on these works, some provisions were introduced in the most recent building codes to provide recommendations on infills’ verification with respect to OOP seismic actions.

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