مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مباحثات متناوب پیرامون نظارت بر امنیت غذایی – الزویر ۲۰۲۰

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مباحثات متناوب پیرامون نظارت بر امنیت غذایی: یک مطالعه موردی از اتیوپی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Alternative discourses around the governance of food security: A case study from Ethiopia
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۰
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۱ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۵٫۵۶۳ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص H_index ۳۱ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص SJR ۱٫۹۲۷ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شناسه ISSN ۲۲۱۱-۹۱۲۴
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۹
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط علوم اجتماعی
گرایش های مرتبط پژوهشگری اجتماعی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  امنیت غذایی جهانی – Global Food Security
دانشگاه Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany
کلمات کلیدی امنیت غذایی، خودمختاری غذایی، انقلاب سبز، آزادسازی بازار، انعطاف پذیری، تجارتی کردن خرده مالک
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Food security، Food sovereignty، Green revolution، Market liberalization، Resilience، Smallholder commercialization
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2019.100338
کد محصول E14330
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
دانلود رایگان مقاله دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی
سفارش ترجمه این مقاله سفارش ترجمه این مقاله

 

فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract

۱- Introduction

۲- Methods

۳- Results

۴- Discussion

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

Global discourses on the governance of food security span competing approaches. For example, a neoliberal approach advocates commercialized, industrial agriculture, while food sovereignty and resilience are part of an alternative discourse to food security that prioritizes locally-based agroecological food production. Understanding how global discourses play out locally and how they impact the environment and biodiversity is important to identify appropriate pathways towards sustainability. In addition to their effects on food security, different approaches could reinforce or impede the success of biodiversity conservation because of the strong interdependence of food security and ecosystems. We applied the Q-methodology to examine alternative approaches to food security and biodiversity conservation pursued by 50 stakeholders from local to national levels in southwestern Ethiopia. We identified four distinct approaches, focusing on (1) smallholder commercialization, (2) agroecology and resilience, (3) local economy and equity, and (4) market liberalization. All approaches prioritized smallholders, but perspectives on how to achieve food security varied. Agricultural intensification, commercialization, and profit were widely considered important, while support for agroecology and resilience was largely restricted to non-government organizations. With the exception of supporters of the agroecology and resilience approach, biodiversity conservation was considered as a secondary goal. We conclude it is important to acknowledge plurality of food security approaches because local conditions are characterized by a multiplicity of stakeholder interests, and because food security is a complex problem that requires a multidimensional approach. However, major contradictions among existing approaches need to be reconciled, and the agroecology and resilience approach should be strengthened to ensure the sustainable achievement of food security and biodiversity conservation.

Introduction

Ensuring food security is a central aspect of the sustainable development goals (UN, 2015) and of the development agenda of the African Union (FAO, 2012; African Union Commission, 2015). The World Food Summit defined food security as “a condition that exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for a healthy and active life” (WFS, 1996). In the context of this study, we conceptualized food security as universal access to sufficient, safe, and culturally acceptable food, without negative effects on biodiversity. Here, we included the issue of biodiversity because food security and biodiversity goals are strongly interdependent (Chappell and LaValle, 2011), and thus approaches that address food security could either reinforce or impede achieving the goal of biodiversity conservation (Fischer et al., 2014). Hence, our study sought to uncover how approaches to ensuring food security could also affect biodiversity conservation. Universally the goal of food security is widely agreed upon, uninterruptedly ensuring the availability and accessibility of food to all people. However, the approaches to achieve this goal remain deeply contested (Shilomboleni, 2017).

ارسال دیدگاه

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد.