مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد سرطان در دوران کودکی – الزویر ۲۰۲۰

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله سرطان در دوران کودکی: تخمین میزان بروز منطقه ای و جهانی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Childhood cancer: Estimating regional and global incidence
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۰
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۲ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) MedLine – Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۲٫۶۷۹ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص H_index ۶۸ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص SJR ۱٫۳۲۷ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شناسه ISSN ۱۸۷۷-۷۸۲۱
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۹
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط پزشکی
گرایش های مرتبط اپیدمیولوژی، ایمنی شناسی، آسیب شناسی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  اپیدمیولوژی سرطان – Cancer Epidemiology
دانشگاه Epidemiology and Cancer Statistics Group, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom
کلمات کلیدی سرطان در دوران كودكی، شیوع مرض، برآوردها، جهاني، ثبت سرطان، سرطان لنفی، ساركوم كاپوسي، برآوردهای جهاني
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Childhood cancer، Incidence، Estimates، Global، Cancer registry، Burkitt lymphoma، Kaposi sarcoma، Global estimates
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.101662
کد محصول E14333
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract

۱- Introduction

۲- Methods

۳- Results

۴- Discussion

۵- Conclusions

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

Background
Most of the world’s population is not covered by cancer surveillance systems or vital registration, and worldwide/UN-regional cancer incidence is estimated using a variety of methods. Quantifying the cancer burden in children (<15 years) is more challenging than in adults; childhood cancer is rare and often presents with non-specific symptoms that mimic those of more prevalent infectious and nutritional conditions.
Methods
A Baseline Model (BM) was constructed comprising a set of quality assured sex- and age-specific cancer rates derived from the US Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program, for diagnostic groups of the International Classification of Childhood Cancers (ICCC-3) 3rd edition, and information on a known risk factor for endemic Burkitt lymphoma and Kaposi’s sarcoma. These rates were applied to global country-level population data for 2015 to estimate the global and regional incidence of childhood cancer. Results were compared to GLOBOCAN 2018, extrapolations from the International Incidence of Childhood Cancer (IICC-3) and estimates from the Global Childhood Cancer (GCC) model (based on IICC-3 data combined with information on health care systems and other parameters). Results
The BM estimated 360,114 total childhood cancers occurring worldwide in 2015; 54% in Asia and 28% in Africa. BM estimated standardised rates ranged from ∼۱۷۸ cases per million in Europe and North America, through to ∼۲۱۸ cases per million in West and Middle Africa. Totals from GLOBOCAN and extrapolations from the IICC-3 study were lower (44.6% and 34.7% respectively), but the estimate from the GCC model was 10.2% higher. In all models, agreement was good in countries with very high human development index (HDI), but more variable in countries with medium and low HDIs; the discrepancies correlating with registration coverage across these settings.
Conclusion
Disagreements between the BM estimates and other sources occur in areas where health systems are insufficiently equipped to provide adequate access to diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care. Incorporating aetiological evidence into the BM enabled the estimation of the additional burden of Burkitt lymphoma and Kaposi sarcoma; similar adjustments could be applied to other cancers, as and when information becomes available.

Conclusions

Using the original baseline model (BM) we estimated that approximately 360,000 cancers occurred in children in 2015 worldwide. These data were derived by imputing identical background incidence of childhood cancer to all world regions and correcting them for an effect of P. falciparum infection according to the known spread of this exposure. Our approach suggests that up to 45% of incident childhood cancers may be undocumented within existing (childhood) cancer surveillance systems. A majority of the children whose cancer diagnoses are missed reside in countries with lower human development index; indicating a need for improved provision, accessibility and utilisation of appropriate diagnostics and care and documentation of diagnosed cases.

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