مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد مدیریت ریسک اقلیمی و کاهش فقر روستایی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله مدیریت ریسک اقلیمی و کاهش فقر روستایی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Climate risk management and rural poverty reduction
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۸
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۹ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF) ۳٫۰۰۴ در سال ۲۰۱۷
شاخص H_index ۸۸ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR ۱٫۱۵۶ در سال ۲۰۱۸
رشته های مرتبط جغرافیا، علوم اجتماعی
گرایش های مرتبط آب و هوا شناسی، پژوهشگری اجتماعی
نوع ارائه مقاله ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس سیستم های کشاورزی – Agricultural Systems
دانشگاه International Research Institute for Climate and Society – Columbia University – USA
کلمات کلیدی ریسک، تله فقر، انعطاف پذیری، فن آوری تولید، حفاظت بیمه اجتماعی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Risk, Poverty trap, Resilience, Production technology, Insurancesocial protection
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2018.01.019
کد محصول E9622
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Highlights
Abstract
Keywords
۱ Introduction: climate risk and rural poverty
۲ Approach
۳ Risk-reducing production technologies
۴ Risk-mitigating institutional interventions
۵ Discussion
۶ Conclusions
Acknowledgements
Appendix 1. Selected evaluation studies of climate risk management interventions
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
ABSTRACT

Climate variability is a major source of risk to smallholder farmers and pastoralists, particularly in dryland regions. A growing body of evidence links climate-related risk to the extent and the persistence of rural poverty in these environments. Stochastic shocks erode smallholder farmers’ long-term livelihood potential through loss of productive assets. The resulting uncertainty impedes progress out of poverty by acting as a disincentive to investment in agriculture – by farmers, rural financial services, value chain institutions and governments. We assess evidence published in the last ten years that a set of production technologies and institutional options for managing risk can stabilize production and incomes, protect assets in the face of shocks, enhance uptake of improved technologies and practices, improve farmer welfare, and contribute to poverty reduction in risk-prone smallholder agricultural systems. Production technologies and practices such as stress-adapted crop germplasm, conservation agriculture, and diversified production systems stabilize agricultural production and incomes and, hence, reduce the adverse impacts of climate-related risk under some circumstances. Institutional interventions such as index-based insurance and social protection through adaptive safety nets play a complementary role in enabling farmers to manage risk, overcome risk-related barriers to adoption of improved technologies and practices, and protect their assets against the impacts of extreme climatic events. While some research documents improvements in household welfare indicators, there is limited evidence that the risk-reduction benefits of the interventions reviewed have enabled significant numbers of very poor farmers to escape poverty. We discuss the roles that climate-risk management interventions can play in efforts to reduce rural poverty, and the need for further research on identifying and targeting environments and farming populations where improved climate risk management could accelerate efforts to reduce rural poverty

Introduction: climate risk and rural poverty

Significant gains in food security and rural poverty reduction, associated with the Green Revolution, resulted from a combination of investments that increased production, reduced risk and enhanced market access. Subsidized inputs, such as irrigation, reduced the production risk faced by farmers and in part account for their willingness to invest in increased on-farm production and productivity. Because agricultural development efforts in the 1960s–۱۹۸۰s focused more on intensification of favorable areas than on the constraints in more marginal and risk-prone environments, the Green Revolution’s contribution to rural poverty reduction was less evident in marginal production environments (Pingali, 2012). Despite continued efforts to improve farmer’s living standards, poverty and food insecurity are still prevalent across large portions of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Prevalence is often high in the drylands (i.e., rain-fed areas in dry subhumid to arid agro-ecological zones), where climate variability exposes smallholder farmers and pastoralists to major risk (Hyman et al., 2008; Dercon, 2002; Walker and Ryan, 1990; Zimmerman and Carter, 2003). Today, there are increasing calls for a second Green Revolution targeted at regions with precarious agricultural conditions such as Sub-Saharan Africa. A central challenge is to go beyond increased agricultural production per se, and mitigate risks posed by increasing variable climate and marginal production conditions to ensure that large numbers of farmers move out of poverty and increase rural prosperity

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