مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد کاربرد فناوری نانو در زراعت، کاهش زیان پس از برداشت و پردازش غذا – الزویر ۲۰۲۱

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله کاربرد فناوری نانو در زراعت، کاهش زیان پس از برداشت و پردازش غذا: مفهوم امنیت غذایی و چالش ها
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Application of nanotechnology in agriculture, postharvest loss reduction and food processing: food security implication and challenges
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۱
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۲ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله مروری (Review Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Master Journal List – Scopus – DOAJ – PubMed Central
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۳٫۹۱۸ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص H_index ۴۶ در سال ۲۰۲۱
شاخص SJR ۰٫۵۵۰ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شناسه ISSN ۲۴۰۵-۸۴۴۰
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰
فرضیه ندارد
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط کشاورزی – بیوتکنولوژی
گرایش های مرتبط بیوتکنولوژی کشاورزی – زراعت و اصلاح نباتات – فیزیولوژی و فناوری پس از برداشت محصولات
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  هلیون – Heliyon
دانشگاه  Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
کلمات کلیدی کشاورزی، پردازش غذا، امنیت غذا، فناوری نانو، حسگرهای نانویی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Agriculture, Food processing, Food security, Nanotechnology, Nanosensors
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08539
کد محصول E16251
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:

Abstract

۱٫ Introduction

۲٫ Fundamentals of nanotechnology

۳٫ The role of nanotechnology in achieving food security

۴٫ Nanotubes in food and agriculture

۵٫ Nanosensors in food and agriculture

۶٫ The challenges of nanotechnology in food and agriculture system

۷٫ Conclusions

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

     Ensuring food security in developing countries is highly challenging due to low productivity of the agriculture sector, degradation of natural resources, high post farming losses, less or no value addition, and high population growth. Researchers are striving to adopt newer technologies to enhance supply to narrow the food demand gap. Nanotechnology is one of the promising technologies that could improve agricultural productivity via nano fertilizers, use of efficient herbicides and pesticides, soil feature regulation, wastewater management, and pathogen detection. It is equally beneficial for industrial food processing with enhanced food production with excellent market value, elevated nutritional and sensing property, improved safety, and better antimicrobial protection. Nanotechnology can also reduce post-farming losses by increasing the shelf life with the aid of nanoparticles. However, further investigation is required to solve the safety and health risks associated with the technology.

Introduction

     The foremost universal challenge on our planet is the question of establishing food security for a rapidly increasing population in the world. Predictions show that food demand is likely to rise from 59 to 98% for the world population reaching 9 billion by 2050 (Duro et al., 2020). Despite an increase of the world population particularly in developing countries, the global food supply interrupted by the expenditure of bio-resources for production of energy, manufacturing chemicals, high post farming loss, less value addition, inefficient distribution and marketing systems, and other factors (Barrett, 2021; Sekhon, 2014). Farmers throughout the world will focus on using new innovations and technologies for enhancing the production of crops through intensive and extensive agriculture. The current efforts further boosted through the use of nano-modified stimulants and precision farming. Agricultural efficiency, soil improvement, secure water use, distribution of food in stores, and its quality are basic factors of securing food that may be improved via advances in nanotechnology research (Ashraf et al., 2021; Sastry et al., 2011).

     Newer technology that will increase the production and reduce food wastage is important to maintain sustainable living standards of the nation and improve food security. Nanotechnology can provide a path for producing foods with outstanding quality in highly improved workable form along with induction of nutrients bioavailability. Many research investigations are focusing on increasing the application of nanotechnology for the production of crop and food processing (Abobatta, 2018; Axelos and Van De Voorde, 2017; Dasgupta et al., 2015; Peters et al., 2016). Increment in articles, intellectual property, and patents in nano-agriculture-based food with fresh research tendencies in the processing of food, nutraceutical distribution, packing, quality control, and serviceable food is a highly expanding field in nanotechnology research (Dasgupta et al., 2015).

Conclusions

     Nanotechnology is a newly emerging, but highly expanding technology in many fields related to human activities and benefits worldwide. Its fascinating phenomena have been witnessed through several research findings that the nanoparticles and nanostructure improve various properties due to small size, larger surface area, and highly catalytic nature. Nanotechnology is crucial in achieving food security, especially in the agriculture sector. It can improve crop production by effective microbial, pest, and weed control with high economic value, security, and safety. It also plays a key role in food processing, food modification, stability, sensing, prolonged shelf life, minimized food losses, and provide safe food. Nanotechnology also minimizes post-harvest losses with better stability, safety, and packaging materials. Nanoparticles like Ag, Au, Zn, TiO2, ZnO, SiO2, and MgO commonly used in food processing, may also induce health risks due to easy penetration through the cell for adverse reactions within various humans, and animal organs as well as parts of plants. Such risks due to nanoparticles or nanocomposite could be controlled in future research via using greener synthesis and searching for easy and cheaper protocols for degradation and removal of existing nanomaterial from the sites of attack.

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