مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد خدمات خطوط هوایی برای شهر ثروتمند
|عنوان مقاله||“Now everyone can fly”? Scheduled airline services to secondary cities in Southeast Asia|
|ترجمه عنوان مقاله||“آیا حالا همه می توانند پرواز کنند؟” خدمات خطوط هوایی برای شهرهای ثروتمند در آسیای جنوب شرقی|
|نوع نگارش مقاله||مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)|
|تعداد صفحات مقاله||۱۱ صفحه|
|رشته های مرتبط||علوم فنون هوایی|
|مجله||مجله مدیریت حمل و نقل هوایی – Journal of Air Transport Management|
|دانشگاه||گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه مرکزی واشنگتن، ایالات متحده آمریکا|
|کلمات کلیدی||جنوب شرقی آسیا، حامل کم هزینه، تجزیه و تحلیل شبکه، محیط، توسعه|
|لینک مقاله در سایت مرجع||لینک این مقاله در سایت الزویر (ساینس دایرکت) Sciencedirect – Elsevier|
|وضعیت ترجمه مقاله||ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.|
|دانلود رایگان مقاله||دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی|
|سفارش ترجمه این مقاله||سفارش ترجمه این مقاله|
|بخشی از متن مقاله:|
Ranked by scheduled airline capacity, several Southeast Asian routes are among the most densely trafficked in the world. The corridors between Singapore and three other regional capitals e Jakarta, Bangkok, and Kuala Lumpur e have been leading routes for decades, but now there are new aerial arteries in the region such as the link between Jakarta and Surabaya. Measured by scheduled seats per week, the Indonesian domestic trunk route rose from being the 330th busiest city-pair in the world in 1998 to 10th in 2013, two places above ChicagoeNew York City (Author’s analysis of OAG, 1998 and OAG, 2013). The Jakarta-Surabaya link is emblematic of a region in which air traffic has grown faster since the 1990s than in any other large part of the world except South & Central Asia (Fig. 1). Yet few analyses of air transportation networks in Southeast Asia have been published, and the studies that have been produced mainly concern the region’s key hubs and are rather dated in light of the recent explosive growth of air traffic (e.g., O’Connor, 1995; Bowen, 2000; Rimmer, 2000), or the analyses subsume Southeast Asia in the larger AsiaePacific region within which developments in China and the rest of Northeast Asia predominate (e.g., Bowen, 2014b; O’Connor and Fuellhart, 2014; Vowles and Mertens, 2014).
This article focuses squarely on Southeast Asia, which is defined to include the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Timor-Leste (Fig. 2), and examines how growth through 2013 has altered the geography of air services in the region. In particular, how have the places historically marginalized in the region’s transport systems been affected by the recent flourishing of the Southeast Asian airline industry? Cities such as Singapore and Bangkok have long been globally significant hubs, but in their hinterlands even moderately large cities have had weak services. Has recent growth ameliorated uneven patterns of accessibility?
The title of the article, “Now everyone can fly”, comes from the advertising slogan of AirAsia, a Malaysia-based low-cost carrier (LCC). The airline has emerged as one of the most influential in a region long dominated by the likes of Singapore Airlines and Thai International. Its low fares have made air travel affordable for the first time to a growing proportion of Southeast Asia’s middle class (Ahmad, 2010). The same is true across much of the region, including Indonesia, where by 2013 among the airlines plying the aforementioned Jakarta-Surabaya route were Lion Air, Citilink, and AirAsia Indonesia e three relatively new LCCs. The lower fares ushered in by budget airlines have undoubtedly made air travelmore accessible for more people in the region, but to what degree do the networks of these and other airlines extend to the region’s periphery (defined as communities away from the core urban regions of Bangkok, Singapore, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, and Ho Chi Minh City)? The analyses below answer this question. Since the 1990s, numerous studies have used the air transport system as a means of discovering the architecture of the world city system and patterns of power in the global economy (e.g., Cattan,1995; Smith and Timberlake, 2002; Bowen, 2002; Derudder et al., 2008; Taylor et al., 2009; Mahutga et al., 2010; Neal, 2010) including analyses of Asia in particular (Shin and Timberlake, 2000). Yet such studies focus on very large cities, especially the command and control centers that mediate the flows that define globalization. In the present article, the lens is shifted to encompass and engage with smaller cities in a developing region.