مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد قانون پرونده کیفری و مدنی – الزویر ۲۰۲۰

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله آدرس IP به عنوان شواهد دیجیتال در قانون پرونده کیفری و مدنی جمهوری اسلواکی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله IP Addresses in the Context of Digital Evidence in the Criminal and Civil Case Law of the Slovak Republic
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۰
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۸ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Master Journals List
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
شناسه ISSN ۲۶۶۶-۲۸۱۷
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط حقوق
گرایش های مرتبط حقوق عمومی، حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  علوم پزشکی قانونی بین المللی: تحقیقات دیجیتال – Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation
دانشگاه  Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice, Faculty of Science, Jesenna 5, Ko  sice, Slovakia
کلمات کلیدی آدرس IP، شواهد دیجیتال، اقدامات کیفری و مدنی، حریم خصوصی، اطلاعات شخصی، بی نام سازی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی IP address، Digital evidence، Criminal and civil proceedings، Privacy، Personal data، Anonymisation
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsidi.2020.300918
کد محصول E15064
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
دانلود رایگان مقاله دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی
سفارش ترجمه این مقاله سفارش ترجمه این مقاله

 

فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
۱٫ Introduction
۲٫ Related work
۳٫ Methodology
۴٫ Results and discussion
۵٫ Conclusion and future works
Acknowledgements
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

Use of IP addresses by courts in their decisions is one of the issues with growing importance. This applies especially at the time of the increased use of the internet as a mean to violate legal provisions of both civil and criminal law. This paper focuses predominantly on two issues: (1) the use of IP addresses as digital evidence in criminal and civil proceedings and possible mistakes in courts’ approach to this specific evidence, and (2) the anonymisation of IP addresses in cases when IP addresses are to be considered as personal data. This paper analyses the relevant judicial decisions of the Slovak Republic spanning the time period from 2008 to 2019, in which the relevant courts used the IP address as evidence. On this basis, the authors formulate their conclusions on the current state and developing trends in the use of digital evidence in judicial proceedings. The authors demonstrate the common errors that occur in the courts’ decisions as regards the use of IP addresses as evidence in the cases of the IP addresses anonymisation, usage of the in dubio pro reo principle in criminal proceedings, and the relationship between IP addresses and devices and persons.

Introduction

Digital forensics aims to answer the ’what’, ’why’, ’how’, ’who’, ’where’ and ’when’ type of questions (Montasari, 2017). In some cases, these answers are later presented to the court. This process engages many stakeholders with different interests, different level of knowledge and different roles (Stahl et al., 2012). As demonstrated by Brungs and Jamieson (2005) and Liles et al. (2009), members of these groups often disagree on the importance of specific legal issues related to digital forensics. These results extrapolate to the area of general issues as well, as digital forensics experts, members of law enforcement agencies, attorneys and judges focus on different issues and face different challenges. Additionally, these stakeholders’ groups have a different level of influence over existing forensics practices. Forensic experts are required to satisfy legal requirements. This led to a surge in development of tools aiming to ease the communication of basic concepts to the audience with legal background. On the side of forensic experts, standard operating procedures are developed, such as the procedure for router examination at the scene presented by Horsman et al. (2019). Standard operating procedures and similar tools ensure ’the validity, legitimacy and reliability of digital evidence’ (Slay et al., 2009) as these are the core values behind any forensic process (Vincze, 2016). Development of those procedures leads to standardisation across the investigation to ensure ’that work is done consistently by all persons who are required to do the same task’ (Manghani, 2011). The ability to seize digital evidence and to do so legally is often followed by the challenge of making lawyers understand the evidence. Lawyers and judges must be able to grasp the basic concepts in order to use the information provided to them by forensic experts efficiently. Education is often discussed, as a mean to allow lawyers to understand what they can expect from digital forensic experts and even what questions should lawyers ask them (Wong, 2013) (Oparnica, 2016) (Henseler and van Loenhout, 2018). In the past, limited education of lawyers was quoted as one of the reasons for underuse of digital evidence in the USA (Rogers et al., 2007).

ارسال دیدگاه

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *