مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تأثیر اشتغال بر نوآوری – الزویر ۲۰۱۹

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مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تأثیر اشتغال بر نوآوری تحت ساختارهای مختلف بازار: یافته های شرکتهای تولید کننده کره
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Employment effect of innovation under different market structures: Findings from Korean manufacturing firms
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۹
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۰ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۴٫۸۵۲ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص H_index ۹۳ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص SJR ۱٫۴۲۲ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شناسه ISSN ۰۰۴۰-۱۶۲۵
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۸
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر دارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط مدیریت نوآوری و فناوری، بازاریابی، مدیریت کسب وکار، مدیریت منابع انسانی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس پیش بینی فناورانه و تغییرات اجتماعی – Technological Forecasting and Social Change
دانشگاه  Barun ICT Research Center, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, South Korea
کلمات کلیدی نوآوری محصول، نوآوری فرآیند، اشتغال، ساختار بازار، شرکت های کره ای، تجزیه و تحلیل تجربی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Product innovation، Process innovation، Employment، Market structure، Korean firms، Empirical analysis
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.04.022
کد محصول  E13389
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
JEL classification
۱٫ Introduction
۲٫ The literature
۳٫ Data and method
۴٫ Results
۵٫ Conclusions
References

 

بخشی از متن مقاله:
Abstract

This research provides empirical evidence on the employment effect of both process and product innovations under different market structures, using data from 1999 to 2009 on 11,369 manufacturing firms in Korea. Consistent to the literature, it first finds that the overall employment effect of innovations is positive, since process innovations do not have any significant effect but product innovations have positive and significant effects on employment. Then, our contribution is to estimate the employment effect of innovations in different market structure by adding interaction terms between proxies for market structure and each type of innovation. We find that process innovation has a greater negative effect in more monopolistic markets, and confirm no significant differences in the employment effect of product innovations across different market structure. Overall, we show that innovations have different effects on employment across different market structures, which implies that a competitive market is important for increasing employment through innovation.

Introduction

The impact of innovation on employment has long been a debated issue. While innovation is known to have a strong positive relationship with long term economic growth in general, the relationship between innovation and employment has not been clearly identified. This is because innovation has two distinctive effects on employment (Harrison et al., 2008; Vivarelli, 2014). On the one hand, innovation has a displacement effect, which displaces workers by capital, and has a negative influence on jobs. On the other hand, innovation has a compensation effect, which increases demand for workers in the production process. Thus, the overall employment effect of innovation cannot be predetermined. Given that economic theory does not ascribe an exact net effect of innovation, it has become a matter of empirical analyses. Empirical analysis has largely been conducted at the firm-level, and typically categorizes innovations as process innovations and product innovations (Entorf and Pohlmeier, 1990; Doms et al., 1995; Van Reenen, 1997; Klette and Førre, 1998, Piva and Vivarelli, 2005; Coad and Rao, 2008. In particular, Harrison et al. (2008, 2014) argue that distinguishing the innovation type facilitates understanding the employment effect of innovations, and that each type of innovation has a different purpose and can have different employment effects. Firms introduce process innovation for cost-saving, but introduce product innovation for demand expansion. Thus, the former is expected to have a negative influence on jobs and the latter, a positive influence (Harrison et al., 2008, 2014). While a large volume of literature verifies the above reasoning, fewer studies consider the impacts of innovation in different market structures, namely when markets are more or less competitive or close to oligopoly. This paper is an attempt to fill this gap and show how the impacts of innovation are determined differently by the type of market structure.

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