مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد چشم انداز بیوتکنولوژی و زیست محیطی در مالزی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله چشم انداز بیوتکنولوژی و زیست محیطی در مالزی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The biotechnology and bioeconomy landscape in Malaysia
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۸
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۸ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله مقاله مروری (review article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals – JCR – MedLine
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF) ۳٫۷۳۳ در سال ۲۰۱۷
شاخص H_index ۷۱ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR ۰٫۹۶۷ در سال ۲۰۱۸
رشته های مرتبط بیوتکنولوژی، اقتصاد
گرایش های مرتبط توسعه اقتصادی و برنامه ریزی
نوع ارائه مقاله ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس بیوتکنولوژی جدید – New Biotechnology
دانشگاه The Petri Dish – Monash University Sunway Campus – alaysia
کلمات کلیدی مالزی، بیوتکنولوژی، اقتصاد زیستی، بیونکسوس، سیاست ها، تامین بودجه، تجاری سازی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Malaysia, Biotechnology, Bioeconomy, Bionexus, Policies, Funding, Commercialisation
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbt.2017.06.004
کد محصول E9579
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
The government’s biotechnology agenda: a historical background
Biotechnology related policies, regulations and initiatives in Malaysia
Biotechnology-related agencies under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation
Other players in the biotechnology space
The achievements
The missing links
Why is biotechnology innovation so critical and yet challenging in Malaysia?
Key ingredients to transform a biotechnology idea to a product
Jobs and careers
Funding options for commercialisation of biotechnology in Malaysia
Challenges for bioeconomy in Malaysia
Opportunities for bioeconomy in Malaysia
Conclusion
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
ABSTRACT

Since 1990s Malaysia aspired to make biotechnology and bioeconomy as her engines of economic growth to utlise the abundance of natural resources and biodiversity. The public sector plays an integral role in developing the sector and various incentives are in place for the private sector to be actively involved and to forge collaboration with the public sector. The country launched its National Biotechnology Policy in 2005 and later launched its National Bioeconomy Programme in 2010 to become the first country in South East Asia and second in Asia after China to have such an initiative. Malaysia is also very proactive in its biosafety law and regulations and has most of the related legal instrument in place. A lot of success has been recorded since the inception of the National Biotechnology Policy in terms of job creation, contribution to GDP through biobusinesses and investment from foreign companies, but the sector is not spared from challenges too. Due to the nature of the discipline that is multidisciplinary and that requires huge amount of investment, expertise and political will, there are a lot of barriers before the country emerges as a bioeconomy player. This paper discusses the public policies, initiatives and funding mechanisms in place in Malaysia that drive its research, development and commercialisation in the area of biotechnology and bioeconomy. The authors also discuss the challenges faced in Malaysia in implementing the policies.

The government’s biotechnology agenda: a historical background

The biotechnology initiatives in Malaysia commenced in mid 1990s where the government committed significant amount of investment, time and energy to make the country an international biotechnology hub. The biotechnology agenda was developed to capitalise Malaysia’s rich natural resources and biodiversity and turn them into biobusiness and wealth. Historically, Malaysia has been actively pursuing agricultural research through a number of world recognised research institutes to promote higher yield and better quality of rubber, oil palm and agricultural commodities [1]. The country also boasts a strong manufacturing sector with the presence of multinational companies. These were seen as a pre-requisite to build the biotechnology sector. The modus operandi to make the country a biotechnology hub might have changed due to change in leadership in early 2000, but the commitments remained strong which is seeing various initiatives being rolled out by the government to strengthened biotechnology and bioeconomy to make these the pillars of economic engine. In Malaysia, government institutes and agencies continue to play a central role in accelerating the biotechnology and bioeconomy agenda.

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