مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تحلیل حقوق مالکیت فکری تاثیرگذار بر سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی – AMS 2016

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مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تحلیل حقوق مالکیت فکری تاثیرگذار بر سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی چین و آمریکا
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Analyses of Intellectual Property Rights Affecting Sino‐America Foreign Direct Investment
انتشار  مقاله سال ۲۰۱۶
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی  ۱۶ صفحه
هزینه  دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده  نشریه AMS
نوع نگارش مقاله مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
رشته های مرتبط  اقتصاد – مدیریت
گرایش های مرتبط  اقتصاد مالی – مدیریت کسب و کار
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس International Journal of Advances in Management Science
دانشگاه China Jiliang University, Xiasha Educational Zone, xueyuan street 258, Hangzhou 310018, China
کلمات کلیدی  چین – آمریکا، حفاظت از مالکیت فکری، سرمایه‌گذاری مستقیم خارجی (FDI)، تاثیرگذاری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی  Sino‐America, Intellectual Property Protection, FDI, Effect
شناسه دیجیتال – doi https://doi.org/10.14355/ijams.2016.05.001
کد محصول E11752
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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Abstract

The countryʹs intellectual property rights (IPR) protection policies have a direct effect on its foreign direct investment (FDI). This paper will synthetically evaluate the differences of IPR protection level between China and America and empirically analyze the effects on FDI caused by such a disparity based on Ginarte and Park’s index. Results indicate that the protection degree of IPR is the most influential factor in China; however, it is not evident in America. America has a relatively mature IPR system, whereas China has gradually improved its IPR system. Other more important factors such as scientific technology, market openness, and market scale also affect FDI. Hence, China should increase the legal protection of IPR and improve the relevant system to promote the healthy development of FDI. Moreover, China should enhance the strength of independent innovation, expand the market space and scale, and strive to create a good environment for IPR protection.

Awareness of the Problem Intellectual property refers to the ownership of ideas or intelligence, including literary and artistic works, inventions, signs for distinguishing goods of an enterprise, and other elements of industrial property. Material or communicable results are in forms of discoveries, inventions, designs, and literary and art works. Intellectual property is a kind of intangible property right and an object of intellectual property or intellectual products. Moreover, intellectual property is an intangible property, a form of spiritual wealth, or the creative intellectual labor to create work achievement. Intellectual property rights protect ownership of an artistic or commercial nature. The rights are granted to creators and inventors to control the use of their products. They are traditionally divided into two branches: “copyright and related rightsʺ for literary and artistic works” and “industrial property rights,ʺ which encompasses trademarks, patents, industrial designs, geographical indications, layout‐designs of integrated circuits, and plant breeders’ rights. However, investment and technology flows are decreasing in the process of economic globalization owing to government obstacles to trade. National and regional market linkages are increasingly close. Hence, protections of intellectual property requirements are also increasing with the process of cross‐border flows of capital and technology. Chinaʹs recent direct investment in the United States has also achieved rapid growth. Chinaʹs direct investment in the United States of USD 18.1142 billion in 2011 reached USD 5.2 billion in 2014. Chinese enterprises of various types of investment in the United States reached a total of more than USD 38.5 billion by the end of 2014. The United States has become Chinaʹs third largest destination for foreign direct investment. Cross‐border direct investment is more dependent on the local government to create a good environment compared with the simple combination of international trade and investment. Therefore, the study of intellectual property protection level Sino‐US foreign direct investment (FDI) has an impact on others with far‐reaching significance.

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