مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد تجهیزات حفاظت شخصی کووید رها شده در امتداد سواحل بوشهر – الزویر ۲۰۲۱

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله تجهیزات حفاظت شخصی Covid-19 رها شده در امتداد سواحل بوشهر ، خلیج فارس: منبع در حال ظهور میکروپلاستیک های ثانویه در خطوط ساحلی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Abandoned Covid-19 personal protective equipment along the Bushehr shores, the Persian Gulf: An emerging source of secondary microplastics in coastlines
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۱
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۸ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله کوتاه (Short Communication)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR – MedLine
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۵٫۵۳۸ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص H_index ۱۷۹ در سال ۲۰۲۱
شاخص SJR ۱٫۵۴۸ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شناسه ISSN ۰۰۲۵-۳۲۶X
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط مهندسی محیط زیست
گرایش های مرتبط آلودگی های محیط زیست، بازیافت و مدیریت پسماند، مهندسی طراحی محیط زیست
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  بولتن آلودگی دریایی – Marine Pollution Bulletin
دانشگاه Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Iran
کلمات کلیدی ویروس کرونا، ماسک صورت، دستکش پلاستیکی، آلودگی دریایی، مواد ریز آلاینده ها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Coronavirus, Face masks, Plastic gloves, Marine pollution, Micropollutants
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112386
کد محصول E15503
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:

Highlights

Abstract

Graphical abstract

Keywords

۱٫ Introduction

۲٫ Materials and methods

۳٫ Results and discussions

۴٫ Conclusion

Author contribution

Declaration of competing interest

Acknowledgement

Appendix A. Supplementary data

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

During the Covid-19 pandemic, personal protection equipment (PPE) was widely used to control the virus further spared. In this study, the presence of PPE wastes along the coastline of Bushehr port, the Persian Gulf from nine stations was investigated (4 times during 40 days), and their potential for microplastics (MPs) creation was preliminarily assessed. In total, more than 2380 PPE were collected in the study area. No significant differences were found between various beaches regarding their types and common activities. In addition, the estimated disposal rate of PPE per day and year is 350 and 127,750 items, respectively. More than 10% of the collected PPE from Bushehr’s coastal areas on each sampling day were damaged. Based on the microscopic analysis, the left surgical masks and torn plastic gloves in the coastal regions are emerging sources of secondary microfibers and MP particles (mostly fragments and films) in the marine environments, respectively.

۱٫ Introduction

During the last year, human beings have faced deadly infectious disease, and since March 2020, Covid-19 was declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) (Ducharme, 2020). Then, different measures have been used in different parts of the world, such as staying at home (lockdown), travel restriction, social distancing, washing of hands, surface disinfection, and isolation (Aragaw, 2020; Fadare and Okoffo, 2020; Rhee, 2020). Moreover, various personal protective equipment (PPE-i.e., face masks, gloves, face shields, alcohol spray) was used in different countries in order to control the virus further spared (De-la-Torre and Aragaw, 2021; Nowakowski et al., 2020). It is estimated that more than 129 billion face masks and 65 billion gloves have been used monthly all around the world (Prata et al., 2020). Discarded only 1% of these PPE exceeds ten million items (Celis et al., 2021) and can cause an environmental crisis.

Single-use face masks, N95 masks, gloves, and face shields are mainly produced from plastic polymers such as polypropylene, polystyrene, polyacrylonitrile, polyester, and polyurethane (Aragaw, 2020; Ardusso et al., 2021; Potluri and Needham, 2005; Sangkham, 2020). Most of the surgical masks have three layers: 1) an inner layer with soft fibers, 2) a middle layer with melt-gusted filter, and 3) an outer layer with nonwoven fibers which are usually colored and water-resistant (Aragaw, 2020; Fadare and Okoffo, 2020). Approximately the weight of polypropylene (PP) in a single N95 mask and surgical mask is 11 and 4.5 g, respectively (Abbasi et al., 2020; Liebsch, 2020). In addition, the most commonly single-use gloves are made of polyethylene (PE), latex, and nitrile (Nowakowski et al., 2020). Although these types of plastics can easily be recycled, they are usually mixed with other wastes or left in the environment (i.e., parks, beaches, forests) (Nowakowski et al., 2020).

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