مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد خصوصیات ژئوتکنیکی توده سنگین رسوبی در CERN – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله خصوصیات ژئوتکنیکی توده سنگین رسوبی در CERN، ژنو
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Geotechnical characterisation of a weak sedimentary rock mass at CERN, Geneva
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۸
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۲ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
Case report
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) scopus – master journals – JCR
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۲٫۴۱۸ در سال ۲۰۱۷
شاخص H_index ۶۸ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR ۱٫۶۹۶ در سال ۲۰۱۸
رشته های مرتبط مهندسی عمران، زمین شناسی
گرایش های مرتبط ژئوتکنیک، سنگ شناسی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس تونل زنی و تکنولوژی فضایی زیرزمینی – Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology
دانشگاه University of California Berkeley – Dep. of Civil and Environmental Engineering – USA
کلمات کلیدی خصوصیات ژئوتکنیکی، مولاس، ماسه سنگ، مارل، تونل زنی؛ CERN
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Geotechnical characterisation, Molasse, Sandstone, Marl, Tunnelling, CERN
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tust.2018.04.003
کد محصول E10046
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Keywords
۱ Introduction
۲ Brief history of CERN’s underground facilities
۳ Geotechnical exploration
۴ Element testing
۵ Strength envelopes
۶ Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
ABSTRACT

The European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva has extensive underground facilities, which were built over the past 70 years in a weak layered sedimentary rock called the red molasse. CERN has thus been continuously exploring its underground space and has gathered extensive geotechnical data from both laboratory and field tests. The data shows that the red molasse is composed of marls and sandstones forming 6 different geotechnical units with different geotechnical characteristics. The strength-stiffness relationship of the red molasse is lower than other molasses from other regions, and that the marls are significantly more ductile than the sandstones. Moreover, the intermediate rock units (sandy marls and marly sandstones) have similar strength but a different stiffness, a distinction which is not represented in the standard strength classification system. Although all rock units were subjected to the same diagenesis, one rock unit is found to be very weak with soillike properties. A mineralogy analysis shows that this unit is composed of high plasticity clay, whilst the other marls units are composed of medium-high and low plasticity clay. The field tests show rapid and progressive transitions between the different rock units, which makes field prediction difficult. This paper presents an overview of the geotechnical data gathered by CERN as well as the geotechnical characterisation of the site The geotechnical characterisation presented in this paper also compares laboratory tests with field tests.

Introduction

Switzerland is composed of three distinct geological regions – the Alps, the Jura and the molassic plateau (Fig. 1). Whereas the Alps are predominately composed of strong sedimentary and crystalline rocks and the Jura of medium-strong limestones, the Swiss plateau is comprised of a weak to medium-strong sedimentary rock called molasse. Although the term molasse originates from the Switzerland, it is used for any orogenic deposits of similar genesis irrespective of their location (Hoek et al., 2005). The red molasse at CERN is composed of sequential layers of marls and sandstones from the Miocene tertiary period and by the diagenesis of Alpine detritus in a soft water basin (Swiss Geological Survey, 2013). The sedimentation of the Alpine detritus, controlled by the geological activity, resulted in the formation of clay, silt and sand lenses with substantial spatial variation. This makes any site prediction very difficult. The molasse at CERN is around 300 m deep (CERN, 1972) and has an anisotropic stress field resulting from the tectonic thrust of the Alps. This paper presents the laboratory and field exploration of the red molasse and discusses its mechanical characteristics.

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