مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد رابطه بین کاهش هزینه حسابرسی در طول بحران مالی جهانی – الزویر ۲۰۱۸

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله رابطه بین کاهش هزینه حسابرسی در طول بحران مالی جهانی و کیفیت درآمد و کیفیت حسابرسی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله The relation between audit fee cuts during the global financial crisis and earnings quality and audit quality
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۱۸
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۸ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس میباشد
نمایه (index) scopus
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
شاخص H_index ۲۰ در سال ۲۰۱۸
شاخص SJR ۰٫۲۷۷ در سال ۲۰۱۸
رشته های مرتبط حسابداری
گرایش های مرتبط حسابرسی
نوع ارائه مقاله ژورنال
مجله / کنفرانس پیشرفت ها در حسابداری – Advances in Accounting
دانشگاه  University Drive – George Mason University – United States
کلمات کلیدی بحران مالی، هزینه های حسابرسی، کیفیت درآمد، تداوم فعالیت
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Financial crisis, Audit fees, Earnings quality, Going concern
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adiac.2018.07.007
کد محصول E9652
وضعیت ترجمه مقاله  ترجمه آماده این مقاله موجود نمیباشد. میتوانید از طریق دکمه پایین سفارش دهید.
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract
Keywords
۱ Introduction
۲ Related research and hypotheses development
۳ Research design
۴ Sample
۵ Main empirical results
۶ Additional measures of earnings quality and audit quality
۷ Robustness tests
۸ Conclusion
Acknowledgement
Appendix A. Estimation of abnormal accruals
References

بخشی از متن مقاله:
ABSTRACT

The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) presents a unique opportunity to study how auditors respond to an exogenous shock to the clients’ operating environment. Also, due to the GFC, auditors were under pressure from clients to cut audit fees during the crisis. Regulators were concerned that lower audit fees could result in lower audit effort, and more importantly, impair audit quality. We conduct a comprehensive analysis of multiple attributes of client firms’ earnings quality and audit quality. Collectively, our findings indicate that there is no significant difference in earnings quality between client firms that received a fee cut during the GFC and control firms consisting of firms that did not receive a fee cut and firms that received a fee cut before the GFC. Further, there is no significant difference in the likelihood of a going concern opinion or a financial restatement, our proxies for audit quality, between client firms that received a fee cut during the GFC and control firms. Our findings contribute to understanding the role of auditors during the GFC.

Introduction

The Global Financial Crisis (GFC hereafter) that originated in late 2007 and the subsequent economic downturn until 2009 resulted in the deepest economic recession since the Great Depression (Kroeker, 2011; Sikka, 2009).1 Also, as a result of the GFC, audit firms were under pressure from their clients and audit committee members to share the economic pain by cutting audit fees. For example, McAfee Inc., maker of security software and a Fortune 500 company with nearly $7 billion in total assets in 2009, was able to cut its audit fee from $6.491 million in 2008 to $4.363 million in 2009, a cut of about 33% even though McAfee’s total assets increased by about 7% in 2009. Whitehouse (Whitehouse, 2010a) reports that 63% of the S&P 500 firms won price concessions from their auditors during 2009. By one estimate, the total cut in audit fees for the Big 4 auditors during 2009 was more than $337 million (Professional Services (Professional Services Monitor, 2010)). Thus, the GFC and the resulting audit fee cuts led to a huge financial consequence for the Big 4 auditors. The above economic events are unprecedented and present a unique opportunity to study how auditors respond to an exogenous shock to the clients’ operating environment and, more importantly, the effects of widespread and significant cuts in audit fees on clients’ earnings quality and audit quality.2 While the GFC per se posed significant challenges to auditors, cuts in audit fees on top of that could exacerbate these challenges. Specifically, the objective of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the relation between audit fee cuts during the GFC period (described in detail below) and multiple proxies for earnings quality (described in sections III and VI) of client-firms. We also examine the effect of fee cuts on the likelihood of going concern opinions and restatement of financial statements, our proxies for audit quality (Defond, Raghunandan, & Subramanyam, 2002; Francis, Michas, & Yu, 2013; Lim & Tan, 2008). Our study is motivated by the following reasons. First, regulators, investors, and the business press were critical of the auditors, particularly the Big 4, for not doing enough to flag and constrain questionable financial reporting practices that may have contributed to the GFC. For example, The House of Lords in the U.K. has accused auditors of a “dereliction of duty” during the GFC (Orlik, 2011). The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board PCAOB (PCAOB, 2010) noted that its inspectors identified instances where auditors sometimes failed to comply with PCAOB auditing standards in areas that were significantly affected by the GFC, such as write-down of assets. Further, the Investor Advisory Group (Investor Advisory Group, 2011) to the PCAOB argues that the GFC was the first big test for auditors on whether the reforms (Sarbanes–Oxley Act) introduced during the previous crisis (the Enron–Andersen saga) would prevent a future crisis and concludes that the GFC is a testimony of an audit failure. Were the deficiencies identified by the PCAOB indicative of pervasive problems with the registrants’ (clients’) earnings quality and audit quality? Despite the enormity of the GFC and its impact on financial reporting and auditing, there is limited empirical evidence on audit quality during the GFC. Our study provides the first comprehensive empirical evidence on the association between cuts in audit fees during the GFC and earnings quality and audit quality attributes of non-financial client firms.

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