مقاله انگلیسی رایگان در مورد بلاک چین در بهداشت و درمان و علوم پزشکی – الزویر ۲۰۲۰

elsevier

 

مشخصات مقاله
ترجمه عنوان مقاله بلاک چین در بهداشت و درمان و علوم پزشکی – مرور دامنه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences—A scoping review
انتشار مقاله سال ۲۰۲۰
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ۱۰ صفحه
هزینه دانلود مقاله انگلیسی رایگان میباشد.
پایگاه داده نشریه الزویر
نوع نگارش مقاله
مقاله مروری (Review Article)
مقاله بیس این مقاله بیس نمیباشد
نمایه (index) Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR – MedLine
نوع مقاله ISI
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی  PDF
ایمپکت فاکتور(IF)
۳٫۵۸۹ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شاخص H_index ۹۳ در سال ۲۰۲۰
شاخص SJR ۰٫۹۶۰ در سال ۲۰۱۹
شناسه ISSN ۱۳۸۶-۵۰۵۶
شاخص Quartile (چارک) Q1 در سال ۲۰۱۹
مدل مفهومی ندارد
پرسشنامه ندارد
متغیر ندارد
رفرنس دارد
رشته های مرتبط مهندسی پزشکی، پزشکی
گرایش های مرتبط مهندسی پزشکی بالینی، انفورماتیک پزشکی
نوع ارائه مقاله
ژورنال
مجله  مجله بین المللی انفورماتیک پزشکی – International Journal of Medical Informatics
دانشگاه  NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
کلمات کلیدی  بلاک چین، سیستم های سلامتی، مرور دامنه، لجر توزیع شده
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی Blockchain, Health systems, Scoping review, Distributed ledger
شناسه دیجیتال – doi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2019.104040
کد محصول E14234
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فهرست مطالب مقاله:
Abstract

۱٫ Introduction and rationale

۲٫ Background

۳٫ Method

۴٫ Results

۵٫ Discussion

۶٫ Conclusion

Appendix A. Supplementary data

References

بخشی از متن مقاله:

Abstract

Background: Blockchain can be described as an immutable ledger, logging data entries in a decentralized manner. This new technology has been suggested to disrupt a wide range of data-driven domains, including the health domain.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to systematically review, assess and synthesize peer-reviewed publications utilizing/proposing to utilize blockchain to improve processes and services in healthcare, health sciences and health education.

Method: A structured literature search on the topic was conducted in October 2018 relevant bibliographic databases. Result: 39 publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The result indicates that Electronic Health Records and Personal Health Records are the most targeted areas using blockchain technology. Access control, interoperability, provenance and data integrity are all issues that are meant to be improved by blockchain technology in this field. Ethereum and Hyperledger fabric seem to be the most used platforms/frameworks in this domain.

Conclusion: This study shows that the endeavors of using blockchain technology in the health domain are increasing exponentially. There are areas within the health domain that potentially could be highly impacted by blockchain technology.

Introduction and rationale

The technology of blockchain, with inherited characteristics such as decentralization, transparency and anonymization, was introduced in the cryptocurrency Bitcoin in 2008 [1]. Bitcoin, with close to 400 million completed transactions (March 19, 2019) [2], represents a solid use-case that blockchain technology works. This has led to discussions and proposals that blockchain technology could be useful in a range of other data-driven domains, including healthcare [3].

According to IBM, 70 % of healthcare leaders predict that the greatest impact of blockchain within the health domain will be improvement of clinical trial management, regulatory compliance and providing a decentralized framework for sharing electronic health records (EHR) [4]. Moreover, the global blockchain technology market in the healthcare industry is expected to cross $500 million by 2022 [61]. Although blockchain technology is considered to have potential for real improvement of health information systems [3], the recent hype surrounding this technology similarly entails unrealistic proposals and ideas and current literature provides little overview of applications that have been developed, tested and/or deployed.

It is valuable to investigate if the current research meets the expectations to blockchain technology within healthcare, health sciences and health education (from hereinafter, referred to as “the health domain”). This study aims to systematically review, assess and synthesize published peer-reviewed studies where blockchain has been utilized (or proposed to be utilized) to improve processes and services within the health domain. In addition to examining the evidence, we also aim to provide an overview of what has been done, what is known, and the potential directions forward on this topic.

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